Facebook0TwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享The American Red Cross of Alaska has deployed volunteers to assist with relief efforts as the California wildfires continue. A total of five volunteers come from Anchorage, the Kenai Peninsula, Fairbanks and Delta Junction, according to the American Red Cross of Alaska. Those who want to help firefighters or residents impacted by the fires do not have to be in California to help. To volunteer you can visit the local Red Cross website and also donate to the California wildfires. Northern California announced the death toll from a massive wildfire there has reached 29 people, matching the deadliest fire in state history. An estimated 240,000 people have been displaced by the fires that have burned more than 200,000 acres. Mandatory evacuations remained in effect in many other areas, however, including the entire cities of Malibu and Calabasas.
Director general of Fire Service and Civil Defense Sazzad Hossain briefs newsmen on Thursday in Banani. Photo: UNBNone of the FR Tower fire victims were burnt to death – they either suffocated inside the building, or died in the act of trying to escape the fire, falling several feet from the upper storeys of the highrise, reports UNB. Director general of Fire Service and Civil Defense Sazzad Hossain said this at a press briefing around 9:15pm.The DG also said phenyl boards used inside the building, electronics and carpeting allowed the fire to spread quickly.The devastating fire broke out on the ninth floor of the 22-storey FR Tower in Banani on Thursday afternoon, with 19 confirmed deaths so far.
A combined 30-minute GPI image of Beta Pictoris depicts the planet Beta Pictoris b (bright spot) orbiting its star (center), which has been subtracted from the image. Citation: Gemini Planet Imager captures best photo ever of an exoplanet (2014, May 13) retrieved 18 August 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2014-05-gemini-planet-imager-captures-photo.html (Phys.org) —A team of researchers at the Gemini South telescope in Chile, which has recently been retrofitted with the Gemini Planet Imager (GPI) is reporting in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, that they have captured the best photo ever of an exoplanet orbiting its star. The planet, Beta Pictoris b, orbits its sun approximately 63.5 light years from us, and the GPI has allowed for calculating its orbit at 20.5 years. Explore further Taking pictures of exoplanets is difficult, not only because they are so far away, but also because of Earth’s atmosphere and of course because they are near to a star that is much brighter, which tends to overcome the light reflected off its planets. The engineers who designed the GPI used multiple techniques (a field spectrograph that has both low spectral resolution and high spatial resolution and a coronagraph that suppresses diffraction) to mask direct starlight, while simultaneously enhancing the light that is bounced off of nearby planets. The result, the team reports is an instrument capable of producing images of exoplanets that are an order of magnitude higher than any other previous imaging systems. Beta Pictoris b is a gas giant similar in size to Jupiter, though its star is much younger than ours—just 12 million years old. The picture of it was created with an exposure of just one minute, which is a record for an image of an exoplanet—the planet orbits its star just a little closer than does Saturn in our solar system. It was first discovered in 2006 by researchers working with data from the Hubble Space Telescope and verified three years later by researchers at Europe’s VLT. Pictures taken at the time suggested that Beta Pictoris b had to regularly plow through space debris of some sort, causing it to appear murky at times. Beta Pictoris b was chosen as a first test run due to its designation as an easy target. The research team at Gemini South plan to move on to imaging other exoplanets, eventually taking pictures of at least 600 that appear promising. Doing so will help with better understanding orbit times and perhaps help with refining their ages and masses. Length of exoplanet day measured for first time More information: First light of the Gemini Planet Imager, Bruce Macintosh, PNAS, DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1304215111AbstractThe Gemini Planet Imager is a dedicated facility for directly imaging and spectroscopically characterizing extrasolar planets. It combines a very high-order adaptive optics system, a diffraction-suppressing coronagraph, and an integral field spectrograph with low spectral resolution but high spatial resolution. Every aspect of the Gemini Planet Imager has been tuned for maximum sensitivity to faint planets near bright stars. During first-light observations, we achieved an estimated H band Strehl ratio of 0.89 and a 5-σ contrast of 106 at 0.75 arcseconds and 105 at 0.35 arcseconds. Observations of Beta Pictoris clearly detect the planet, Beta Pictoris b, in a single 60-s exposure with minimal postprocessing. Beta Pictoris b is observed at a separation of 434 ± 6 milliarcseconds (mas) and position angle 211.8 ± 0.5°. Fitting the Keplerian orbit of Beta Pic b using the new position together with previous astrometry gives a factor of 3 improvement in most parameters over previous solutions. The planet orbits at a semimajor axis of 9.0+0.8−0.4 AU near the 3:2 resonance with the previously known 6-AU asteroidal belt and is aligned with the inner warped disk. The observations give a 4% probability of a transit of the planet in late 2017. © 2014 Phys.org Journal information: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
Connected TV set-top provider Roku has become the latest US over-the-top video specialist to launch in the UK. Two of its streaming players can from today be pre-ordered from Amazon in the UK and Ireland, the first time the devices have been made available to European customers.The devices currently offers more that 40 channels of content including on-demand films and content from Netflix, which launched its own UK service on Monday, giving users the chance to watch Netflix content on TVs. Roku said it would announce “major content” partners for the UK and Ireland by the time the devices ship to customers in those countries at the end of January.Roku also offers live and on-demand sport from MLB.TV and the Ultimate Fighting organisation, music from Classical TV and Tuneln, photos and videos from Facebook and Flickr, news and entertainment from WSJ Live and FoxNews.com along with various games including Angry Birds.“Roku launched the first ever streaming player to deliver Netflix to consumers in the US and now we are among the first to bring Netflix to residents of the UK and Ireland,” said Clive Hudson, vice-president and general manager for Europe at Roku. “In addition to Netflix, we are launching with a variety of entertainment channels and look forward to expanding our content selection in the same way that we have in the US where we have more than 400 channels today.”The Roku LT is the cheaper device with a retail price of £49.99 (€60). It connects to TVs and to the internet via WiFi and supports up to 720p HD video. The Roku 2 XS costs £99.99 and offers the same content found on the LT but with the addition of games. It comes with a motion-controlled games remote and a MicroSD slot for additional game storage. It supports up to 1080p HD video and comes with a USB port.
Samsung is to offer a range of on-demand services from Middle East pay TV provider OSN via an OSN Play app on its Smart TV platform.OSN Play makes a range of content available for 14 days after its initial airing.“We are very pleased to announce this expansion in partnership with OSN, which will offer our Smart TV users an enhanced interactive home entertainment experience. We have noticed that our consumers want more on-demand content from their Smart TVs, OSN Play adds to the growing amount of high quality content that we have made available for consumers at the click of a button. By offering OSN Play on our Smart TVs we are bringing the latest movies and TV shows to our consumers, giving them more choice, flexibility and enhancing their viewing experience,” said Vinod Nair, general manager, TV business at Samsung Gulf Electronics.David Hanson, OSN’s director of digital, said: “Our continuing partnership with Samsung now allows OSN subscribers with Samsung’s 2013 Smart TVs to access a wide array of their favorite content on demand. The OSN Play platform includes content from TV channels such as; OSN Movies, OSN First, OSN Sports 1 and 2, Disney, National Geographic and Food Network. We’re very excited to add yet another touch point for OSN Play to join Samsung tablets, smartphones and laptops.”
Why Not Thorium?By Marin Katusa, Chief Energy Investment StrategistThe Fukushima disaster reminded us all of the dangers inherent in uranium-fueled nuclear reactors. Fresh news yesterday about Tepco’s continued struggle to contain and cool the fuel rods highlights just how energetic uranium fission reactions are and how challenging to control. Of course, that level of energy is exactly why we use nuclear energy – it is incredibly efficient as a source of power, and it creates very few emissions and carries a laudable safety record to boot.This conversation – “nuclear good but uranium dangerous” – regularly leads to a very good question: what about thorium? Thorium sits two spots left of uranium on the periodic table, in the same row or series. Elements in the same series share characteristics. With uranium and thorium, the key similarity is that both can absorb neutrons and transmute into fissile elements.That means thorium could be used to fuel nuclear reactors, just like uranium. And as proponents of the underdog fuel will happily tell you, thorium is more abundant in nature than uranium, is not fissile on its own (which means reactions can be stopped when necessary), produces waste products that are less radioactive, and generates more energy per ton.So why on earth are we using uranium? As you may recall, research into the mechanization of nuclear reactions was initially driven not by the desire to make energy, but by the desire to make bombs. The $2-billion Manhattan Project that produced the atomic bomb sparked a worldwide surge in nuclear research, most of it funded by governments embroiled in the Cold War. And here we come to it: Thorium reactors do not produce plutonium, which is what you need to make a nuke.How ironic. The fact that thorium reactors could not produce fuel for nuclear weapons meant the better reactor fuel got short shrift, yet today we would love to be able to clearly differentiate a country’s nuclear reactors from its weapons program.In the post-Cold War world, is there any hope for thorium? Perhaps, but don’t run to your broker just yet.The Uranium ReactorThe typical nuclear-fuel cycle starts with refined uranium ore, which is mostly U238 but contains 3% to 5% U235. Most naturally occurring uranium is U238, but this common isotope does not undergo fission – which is the process whereby the nucleus splits and releases tremendous amounts of energy. By contrast, the less-prevalent U235 is fissile. As such, to make reactor fuel we have to expend considerable energy enriching yellowcake, to boost its proportion of U235.Once in the reactor, U235 starts splitting and releasing high-energy neutrons. The U238 does not just sit idly by, however; it transmutes into other fissile elements. When an atom of U238 absorbs a neutron, it transmutes into short-lived U239, which rapidly decays into neptunium-239 and then into plutonium-239, that lovely, weaponizable byproduct.When the U235 content burns down to 0.3%, the fuel is spent, but it contains some very radioactive isotopes of americium, technetium, and iodine, as well as plutonium. This waste fuel is highly radioactive and the culprits – these high-mass isotopes – have half-lives of many thousands of years. As such, the waste has to be housed for up to 10,000 years, cloistered from the environment and from anyone who might want to get at the plutonium for nefarious reasons.The Thing about ThoriumThorium’s advantages start from the moment it is mined and purified, in that all but a trace of naturally occurring thorium is Th232, the isotope useful in nuclear reactors. That’s a heck of a lot better than the 3 to 5% of uranium that comes in the form we need.Then there’s the safety side of thorium reactions. Unlike U235, thorium is not fissile. That means no matter how many thorium nuclei you pack together, they will not on their own start splitting apart and exploding. If you want to make thorium nuclei split apart, though, it’s easy: you simply start throwing neutrons at them. Then, when you need the reaction to stop, simply turn off the source of neutrons and the whole process shuts down, simple as pie.Here’s how it works. When Th232 absorbs a neutron it becomes Th233, which is unstable and decays into protactinium-233 and then into U233. That’s the same uranium isotope we use in reactors now as a nuclear fuel, the one that is fissile all on its own. Thankfully, it is also relatively long lived, which means at this point in the cycle the irradiated fuel can be unloaded from the reactor and the U233 separated from the remaining thorium. The uranium is then fed into another reactor all on its own, to generate energy.The U233 does its thing, splitting apart and releasing high-energy neutrons. But there isn’t a pile of U238 sitting by. Remember, with uranium reactors it’s the U238, turned into U239 by absorbing some of those high-flying neutrons, that produces all the highly radioactive waste products. With thorium, the U233 is isolated and the result is far fewer highly radioactive, long-lived byproducts. Thorium nuclear waste only stays radioactive for 500 years, instead of 10,000, and there is 1,000 to 10,000 times less of it to start with.The Thorium LeadersResearchers have studied thorium-based fuel cycles for 50 years, but India leads the pack when it comes to commercialization. As home to a quarter of the world’s known thorium reserves and notably lacking in uranium resources, it’s no surprise that India envisions meeting 30% of its electricity demand through thorium-based reactors by 2050.In 2002, India’s nuclear regulatory agency issued approval to start construction of a 500-megawatts electric prototype fast breeder reactor, which should be completed this year. In the next decade, construction will begin on six more of these fast breeder reactors, which “breed” U233 and plutonium from thorium and uranium.Design work is also largely complete for India’s first Advanced Heavy Water Reactor (AHWR), which will involve a reactor fueled primarily by thorium that has gone through a series of tests in full-scale replica. The biggest holdup at present is finding a suitable location for the plant, which will generate 300 MW of electricity. Indian officials say they are aiming to have the plant operational by the end of the decade.China is the other nation with a firm commitment to develop thorium power. In early 2011, China’s Academy of Sciences launched a major research and development program on Liquid Fluoride Thorium Reactor (LFTR) technology, which utilizes U233 that has been bred in a liquid thorium salt blanket. This molten salt blanket becomes less dense as temperatures rise, slowing the reaction down in a sort of built-in safety catch. This kind of thorium reactor gets the most attention in the thorium world; China’s research program is in a race with similar though smaller programs in Japan, Russia, France, and the US.There are at least seven types of reactors that can use thorium as a nuclear fuel, five of which have entered into operation at some point. Several were abandoned not for technical reasons but because of a lack of interest or research funding (blame the Cold War again). So proven designs for thorium-based reactors exist and need but for some support.Well, maybe quite a bit of support. One of the biggest challenges in developing a thorium reactor is finding a way to fabricate the fuel economically. Making thorium dioxide is expensive, in part because its melting point is the highest of all oxides, at 3,300° C. The options for generating the barrage of neutrons needed to kick-start the reaction regularly come down to uranium or plutonium, bringing at least part of the problem full circle.And while India is certainly working on thorium, not all of its eggs are in that basket. India has 20 uranium-based nuclear reactors producing 4,385 MW of electricity already in operation and has another six under construction, 17 planned, and 40 proposed. The country gets props for its interest in thorium as a homegrown energy solution, but the majority of its nuclear money is still going toward traditional uranium. China is in exactly the same situation – while it promotes its efforts in the LFTR race, its big bucks are behind uranium reactors. China has only 15 reactors in operation but has 26 under construction, 51 planned, and 120 proposed.The Bottom LineThorium is three times more abundant in nature than uranium. All but a trace of the world’s thorium exists as the useful isotope, which means it does not require enrichment. Thorium-based reactors are safer because the reaction can easily be stopped and because the operation does not have to take place under extreme pressures. Compared to uranium reactors, thorium reactors produce far less waste and the waste that is generated is much less radioactive and much shorter-lived.To top it all off, thorium would also be the ideal solution for allowing countries like Iran or North Korea to have nuclear power without worrying whether their nuclear programs are a cover for developing weapons… a worry with which we are all too familiar at present.So, should we run out and invest in thorium? Unfortunately, no. For one, there are very few investment vehicles. Most thorium research and development is conducted by national research groups. There is one publicly traded company working to develop thorium-based fuels, called Lightbridge Corp. (Nasdaq: LTBR). Lightbridge has the advantage of being a first mover in the area, but on the flip side the scarcity of competitors is a good sign that it’s simply too early.Had it not been for mankind’s seemingly insatiable desire to fight, thorium would have been the world’s nuclear fuel of choice. Unfortunately, the Cold War pushed nuclear research toward uranium; and the momentum gained in those years has kept uranium far ahead of its lighter, more controllable, more abundant brother to date. History is replete with examples of an inferior technology beating out a superior competitor for market share, whether because of marketing or geopolitics, and once that stage is set it is near impossible for the runner-up to make a comeback. Remember Beta VCRs, anyone? On a technical front they beat VHS hands down, but VHS’s marketing machine won the race and Beta slid into oblivion. Thorium reactors aren’t quite the Beta VCRs of the nuclear world, but the challenge they face is pretty similar: it’s damn hard to unseat the reigning champ.[Marin has an enviable track record in the uranium sector, with one current pick up nearly 1,600% since he first recommended it to his subscribers 39 months ago. Now he’s targeting a little-known company that possesses oil-recovery technology that could reward investors with similar gains.] Additional Links and ReadsTepco Tackles Nuclear Reaction Threat as Fukushima Plant Temperature Rises (Bloomberg)Despite Tepco’s December announcement that it had achieved cold shutdown at the crippled Fukushima Daiichi plant, temperatures in at least one of the cracked reactors rose notably last week. In the first week of February, temperatures in the No. 2 reactor rose by more than 20° C, though the reactor did stay below the 93° C level that defines a cold shutdown. The article quotes an atomic researcher from Kinki University saying that Tepco “is in a dilemma” in that when temperatures rise, the company needs to inject more water to cool the system, but in doing so more radioactive water accumulates in the basements of the plant buildings. However, no traces of xenon-135 – which is associated with nuclear fissions – were found when Tepco conducted a gas sampling.Glencore, Xstrata Deal to Squeeze Japan Coal after Fukushima (Bloomberg)Glencore’s takeover of Xstrata Plc will form the world’s biggest thermal-coal exporter, and that massive entity poses a new threat to Japanese utilities forced to buy more coal after the Fukushima nuclear disaster prompted Japan to shutter most of its nuclear reactors. The merged Glencore-Xstrata will control about 30% of the global market; with fewer suppliers and increasing demand, prices will likely rise and the storied negotiating power of Japan’s coal-hungry utilities will weaken.Coalface Cracks under Cheap Gas (Wall Street Journal)Cheap natural gas creates winners and losers, and American coal miners are increasingly falling into the latter camp. Incredibly cheap natural gas in North America is incentivizing utilities to use their gas-fired plants more and their coal-fired ones less. The proportion of US electricity generated from coal has fallen from 49.8% a decade ago to 42.8% in 2011, while gas generation has climbed from 17.9% to 24.4%. With demand softening, coal stockpiles are starting to rise, prices are falling, and producers are cutting back output.Asia Buys Record Africa Oil Volumes after Iran Cuts (Reuters)Asian imports of oil from West Africa are set to hit an all-time high in the first quarter as Chinese and Indian refiners seek alternative sources. With some March and April cargoes from Nigeria yet to load, Asian buyers have already picked up 1.82 million barrels of West African crude per day through the first quarter, compared to a quarterly average of 1.57 million barrels per day through 2011. It remains to be seen if the trend will continue into the second quarter, as Chinese companies are currently negotiating long-term purchase contracts with the state National Iranian Oil Company and India recently reaffirmed its commitment to buying Iranian oil regardless of international sanctions.China Buys Up Saudi, Russian Oil to Squeeze Iran (Reuters)China drives a hard bargain. As the Chinese negotiate with Iran on long-term oil contracts, the Asian superpower is keen to show Tehran that Iran needs China more than the other way around. To that end, Beijing has bought up the bulk of an increase in crude supplies from Saudi Arabia in recent months, while also adding to its cargoes from Russia, Australia, and West Africa. Faced with mounting sanctions, Iran needs to secure a major supply contract with China in order to keep its coffers filled.With Oil Pipeline Attack, Niger Delta Rebels Announce Return (Christian Science Monitor)Nigeria is facing a double whammy of threats: the Islamist militia group called Boko Haram, which is carrying out a campaign of terror against Christian and government targets in the country’s north as part of its fight against a secular state; and a six-year campaign of kidnapping and sabotage by Niger Delta militants, who want regional self-government and control of eastern Nigeria’s oil riches. The main Niger Delta militant group, MEND, just attacked an oil pipeline belonging to a unit of Italy’s Eni SpA and warned that more attacks were imminent. Attacks by MEND and other such groups cut Nigeria’s crude output by more than 28% from 2006 to 2009, but the attacks eased after thousands of fighters laid down their weapons and accepted official amnesty. MEND, however, refused to stop its campaign. Nigeria is Africa’s largest oil producer and is the fifth-largest supplier of crude oil to the United States.Oil-Tanker Hire Rates Slide for Ninth Session as Demand Dwindles (Bloomberg)Charter rates for the world’s largest oil tankers have slid 28% since August in the face of overcapacity. In the global economic boom leading up to the recession, oil demands soared and shippers ordered new ships to take advantage. Then came the bust and with it a decline in seaborne oil trade. Unfortunately for shippers, the tankers are still being delivered and the oil shipping industry now has far too much capacity. Shippers, faced with daily rates that have fallen 30% since the start of the year, are cutting speeds to reduce fuel costs.
What’s the worse-case Ebola outbreak?Public health officials would say it’s when the virus is spreading in a crowded urban environment that’s a major transportation hub and has dilapidated, ill-equipped health care facilities.Unfortunately, that’s what’s happening right now in the northwest of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.Ebola is a virus that causes a severe, and often fatal, illness. The epicenter of this outbreak is in an extremely rural, extremely remote part of the Equateur province. But this week a new patient turned up nearly a hundred miles away in Mbandaka, a city of more than a million on the banks of the Congo River.Peter Salama, the World Health Organization’s deputy director general for emergencies, told NPR that the declaration of “urban Ebola” is a major shift in this outbreak.”When you have cases in urban areas, the number of contacts can amplify so much more quickly,” he says. “And therefore the increase in the transmission can be much more exponential rather than linear.”Mbandaka’s location is adding to the concern of health officials. It’s a major port on the Congo River.”In a sense, the rivers in northwest DRC are the highways. There are very few paved roads,” Salama says. “People use them for transportation so it’s quite plausible that the virus could spread down the rivers.”The Congo River provides a direct link from Mbandaka to the bustling megacity of Kinshasa, nearly 400 miles downriver, and could also potentially allow the virus to spread throughout central Africa.”That really would be an extremely difficult scenario for us to be able to cope with,” Salama says.That’s why the World Health Organization along with Congolese officials and other aid agencies are scrambling to try to contain this outbreak before it grows much larger.At a news conference on Friday, WHO officials said the good news is that the number of Ebola cases is not increasing dramatically.Congolese health officials now say there have been 45 suspected cases reported in their country since April. And 25 people have died. Laboratory testing of patient blood samples, however, has been progressing slowly; 14 of the cases have been confirmed as Ebola.Four thousand doses of an experimental Ebola vaccine — which has to be stored at minus 60 degrees Celsius — have shipped to the DRC. Plans are being developed to try to vaccinate hundreds if not thousands in areas near where Ebola cases have been found.Doctors Without Borders is setting up isolation wards and Ebola treatment centers both near the epicenter of the outbreak and in the port city of Mbandaka.The Red Cross is recruiting local volunteers to collect and safely bury the dead.”We have now 20 volunteers trained on how to do these burials,” says Karsten Voigt, operations manager for the International Federation of the Red Cross in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.”It’s a very difficult task because you have to follow all the security protocols — when you put on your protective gear, when you take it off, the way you handle the body. It is also psychologically demanding because you deal with families who, of course, are in distress.”Voigt was just in Bikoro, the remote village where most of the cases have been reported.The Red Cross is also setting up sanitation teams to disinfect houses, clinics and other places that may have been exposed to the virus.Getting supplies to the area is extremely difficult, says Voigt. It took him 11 hours in a four-wheel drive vehicle to cover roughly 75 miles from the nearest airstrip to the village of Bikoro.”It is a very difficult road through the bush. It’s a dirt track. The bridges have collapsed,” he says. “It’s very difficult to reach.”Once you get to Bikoro, he says, there are other villages accessible only on foot.To help with the logistical challenges of moving supplies, the U.N. World Food Programme has started flying Russian-made helicopters back and forth from Mbandaka to Bikoro. The WFP has also set up what it’s calling an air-bridge for cargo planes between the Congolese capital of Kinshasa and Mbandaka. So far the WFP has moved in 5 tons of personal protective equipment for health workers, tents, body bags and other gear to try to get control of this outbreak before it spreads further.Dr. Robert Steffen, head of WHO’s International Health Regulations Emergency Committee on the outbreak, says the local and international response to the outbreak has been swift and robust. International medical teams have already been identified and are on standby to send into the region if the outbreak spreads.He is hopeful that the outbreak will be short-lived: “Given that the outbreak was only confirmed 10 days ago, the immediate response of the Democratic Republic of Congo, the WHO and other partners … provides a strong reason to believe that this situation can be brought under control.” Copyright 2018 NPR. To see more, visit http://www.npr.org/.
Copyright 2019 NPR. To see more, visit https://www.npr.org.
The government has told the equality watchdog that it plans to slash its budget again, even though the financial year has already started.The planned cuts only emerged after the Government Equalities Office (GEO) told Disability News Service (DNS) that it was still “in the process of agreeing budgets” with the Equality and Human Rights Commission, several weeks into the new financial year.The comment came after DNS asked GEO about the commission’s plans to make up to 30 of about 200 members of staff redundant (pictured).GEO said that it was “not currently aware of any issues in this area”, but added: “We are in the process of agreeing budgets with the EHRC and no decisions have been made.”When asked why GEO was still discussing budgets with the EHRC in late April, when the commission had already announced that its core budget for 2016-17 would be £17.1 million, a GEO spokeswoman said: “We have nothing further to add.”She also refused to comment on why the GEO was not aware that the commission had issued a consultation paper on the redundancies last week.EHRC said it does not yet know how large the cut to its budget will be, or whether any of the projects laid out in its business plan are now at risk.There will be concerns that sizeable government cuts could put at risk some of the watchdog’s plans for 2016-17, including commissioning research into the human rights impact of the government’s welfare reforms, an inquiry into disabled people’s housing, as well as projects on disability hate crime, discrimination in health and social care, and in education, and on pay gaps.In response to a question from DNS at a seminar on the report of the Lords committee that examined the impact of the Equality Act on disabled people, Melanie Field, EHRC’s executive director for strategy and policy, said they had been “pressing [GEO] quite hard” to decide on the final budget settlement.She said: “We do know that the spending review settlement meant a spending reduction across government and the Department for Education [DfE, which is where GEO is based] has been subject to a cut, so we are expecting that our budget will be reduced this year.”Disabled campaigners at the seminar – which was organised by the Centre for Disability Studies at the University of Leeds, the legal firm Unity Law, and the Cloisters set of barristers – said they were deeply concerned that yet more cuts were being inflicted on the commission.Sarah Rennie, a member of the disabled women’s organisation Sisters of Frida, said: “Cutting the budget is a damning reflection of the value placed on achieving real equality and combatting indignity and oppression.“Aside from the Lords’ recent recommendations, the commission has crucial work to do on many intersectional issues, including safety for disabled women on public transport and the availability of accessible refuges.“The EHRC needs the fair resources to get on with this.”Disabled campaigner Doug Paulley, who spoke at the conference, said: “The EHRC is supposed to take the burden of enforcing the Equality Act off disabled people.“The Disability Rights Commission used to do that… the EHRC don’t do that.“If they get less and less money, they are going to do that less and less.”Fellow disabled activist Simone Aspis, of Changing Perspectives, also criticised the cut, which she said had to be seen “in the context of the government’s continuing attack on disabled people’s rights to justice… and any rights that disabled people have to challenge government decisions”.A commission spokesman had said earlier in a statement: “Following the spending review (where DfE are being required to make overall savings of 20 per cent) and through regular discussions with GEO, it is clear the government intends to reduce our budget along with those of other public bodies. “We have planned for this year on the basis of the indicative settlement [£17.1 million] set out in our business plan, published at the end of March.“While we still await details of our formal settlement, we know already that we will need to make significant savings. “It is therefore important we involve staff as early as possible and start planning for the future and that was the process we started last week.“Responsible leadership is about facing up to future challenges, not ducking them. Our operating model sets out changes that can help us deliver more impact as well as help us in managing difficult change.”By noon today (28 April), EHRC had been unable to say if it had been told to expect a 20 per cent cut to its £17.1 million budget; whether the cuts would mean that parts of its business plan were now at risk; or why GEO appeared to have been unaware of the commission’s consultation on possible redundancies.The watchdog’s core budget for 2016-17 had been frozen at £17.1 million, still a real terms cut, which followed years of cuts to its funding since the formation of the coalition government in 2010.In 2010, the commission’s annual budget was as high as £62 million.A budget of £17.1 million is already several million pounds lower than the annual budget of the Disability Rights Commission when it was merged into the new “cross-strand” equality body in 2007. At one time, EHRC employed as many as 525 people.
The government has given no indication of when – or even if – it intends to appoint a replacement for the minister for disabled people, Sarah Newton, who resigned last week over Brexit.Nearly aweek after Newton’s resignation, no replacement has been announced.Aspokesperson for Number 10 said yesterday (Wednesday): “As soon as there isone, we would announce it in the usual way.“I haven’tgot any guidance on when that appointment will be.”As theappointment of a new minister will be a political decision, he suggested thatDisability News Service (DNS) contact the prime minister’s press secretary, PaulHarrison, but he had not responded by noon today (Thursday).Newton (pictured) was the seventh Conservative minister for disabled people since the 2010 general election, following Maria Miller, Esther McVey, Mike Penning, Mark Harper, Justin Tomlinson and Penny Mordaunt.Only last month, she was forced to apologise to MPsafter DNS caught her misleading MPsabout support for disabled people for the fourth time in less than a year. In December, Newtonwas unable to explain why she had failed to make any public statement tosupport disabled people’s battle for rights on the UN’s International Day ofPersons with Disabilities.It was the second year in a row – following her appointment in November2017 – that she had demonstrated a lack of interest in domestic andinternational efforts to further disabled people’s rights on the UN day.And in October, she appeared to breach the ministerial code of conduct after refusing to answer questions from DNS at her party’s annual conference and then suggesting that civil servants could answer them for her instead, even though it was a political event.A note from the editor:Please consider making a voluntary financial contribution to support the work of DNS and allow it to continue producing independent, carefully-researched news stories that focus on the lives and rights of disabled people and their user-led organisations. Please do not contribute if you cannot afford to do so, and please note that DNS is not a charity. It is run and owned by disabled journalist John Pring and has been from its launch in April 2009. Thank you for anything you can do to support the work of DNS…
Michael Kan Free Webinar | July 31: Secrets to Running a Successful Family Business New controls, expected in Android P, are part of Google’s new ‘digital wellbeing’ initiative, which the company unveiled at Google I/O on Tuesday. New Google OS Has Tools to Help With Your Tech Addiction Reporter 3 min read This story originally appeared on PCMag Guest Writer –shares Learn how to successfully navigate family business dynamics and build businesses that excel. Image credit: via PC Mag Add to Queue Next Article Are you addicted to your phone? Google is developing new controls, expected in Android P, intended to pry you away from your smartphone and YouTube.They include an “app timer,” a “wind down” feature and a dashboard that’ll tell you how much time you’ve been spending on your smartphone and in which apps.Starting this week, Google-owned YouTube will also introduce reminders that can tell you to take a break from the video-streaming service.At Google I/O today, CEO Sundar Pichai said these controls are all part of the company’s new “digital wellbeing” initiative, which is designed to help consumers keep their tech habits in check.”There is increasing social pressure to respond to everything right away,” he said during a keynote. “People are anxious to stay up to date with all the information out there.””Our team has heard so many stories from people who are trying to find the right balance with technology,” added Sameer Samat, Google’s VP for product management.As part of that push to help people disconnect, the upcoming Android P will come with a dashboard that breaks down smartphone use into a handy pie chart. In addition, the OS will include an app timer that’ll let you cap the time you spend in favorite apps.Google is also revamping the “Do Not Disturb” mode with Android P. To activate it, just turn your phone over on its screen, Samat said, though in an emergency, “starred contacts” will still be able to reach you.To ensure your phone doesn’t keep you up at night, Android P is getting a “wind down” feature. To use the feature, select a time for your phone to enter “Do Not Disturb” mode; the phone’s screen will shift into grayscale.”I’ve found it amazing how quickly I put my phone away when all the apps go black,” Samat said.Google last year introduced a free utility called Family Link that lets parents control their children’s Android use. But the new features announced on Tuesday are aimed at everyone. “Digital wellbeing is going to be a long-term theme for us, so look for much more to come in the future,” Samat said.In February, a group of former Apple, Facebook and Google employees formed an anti-tech addiction coalition called the Center for Humane Technology. In recent months, university students and investors have also called on Apple to offer more tools that can limit iPhone use, and thereby prevent social media from overtaking people’s lives.Earlier this year, Facebook said it would be priortizing posts from friends and family versus publications and brands because research suggested people were less likely to feel depressed after using Facebook if they engaged with people rather than experiencing the site passively. May 9, 2018 Google Register Now »
Denver Mayor Who Opposed Legal Marijuana Now Celebrates It Add to Queue Easy Search. Quality Finds. Your partner and digital portal for the cannabis community. Politics Opinions expressed by Entrepreneur contributors are their own. Image credit: Helen H. Richardson | Getty Images Next Article Guest Writer Money really does change things — including minds. The latest example comes from the city of Denver, where Mayor Michael B. Hancock, who once opposed marijuana legalization, is now singing its praises.Before Colorado voters approved the recreational use of cannabis in 2012, Hancock called the plant a gateway drug and said legalization sent the wrong message to children.These days he calls the legal marijuana system in his city a success. He even appeared on radio in Massachusetts this summer, talking about the positives of marijuana legalization to calm the nerves of Massachusetts officials who, like him, also opposed legalization.On Boston Herald Radio, Hancock admitted that “the sky hasn’t fallen like I thought it would. If you regulate it properly, enforce the laws around it, and you set up your government to help work collaboratively with the industry, good things will happen.”While he didn’t specifically mention the city’s record profits and a huge tax haul from legalized marijuana, what else could he have meant by “good things?”Related: Michigan Is Unlikely to Have Nearly Enough Medical Marijuana Dispensaries for Its Huge MarketSales Are SnowballingWhile some projected that Colorado’s cannabis sales numbers might eventually plateau, that has not happened yet — at least not in Denver. Numbers released this month show legal, recreational marijuana sales were 29 percent higher in 2017 than in 2016.Total marijuana sales in Denver reached $587 million. Of that, $377.5 million came from recreational marijuana sales.Sales have snowballed since they began in 2014, increasing each year. That’s also held true for marijuana taxes pouring into city coffers.Tax revenue increased by 20 percent in 2017. What’s more, projections call for at least an 8 percent jump in 2018.Related: The Cannabis Industry Is Going Global Without Waiting for America to LegalizeCrime a Non-IssueThe city also reported that marijuana-related crime accounted for less than 1 percent of all crime in the city. And crime related to the marijuana industry itself accounted for less than half a percent of all crime in the city.The city is putting the money to effective use, as well. Since 2014, about $11 million has gone to organizations that serve kids via Denver’s Offices of Children’s Affairs and Behavioral Health.This year, the city has put $12.4 million into areas such as affordable housing and opioid intervention. And almost $9 million has gone to regulation, education, and law enforcement.All this has made Mayor Hancock a believer, now. He said coordination between various city departments has helped make things run smoothly. In the city report, Hancock stated the latest numbers show, “Denver’s coordinated approach between multiple agencies to manage marijuana is working.”Follow dispensaries.com on Twitter to stay up to date on the latest cannabis news. The Mile High City has seen record sales and low crime. What’s not to like? August 23, 2018 Green Entrepreneur Podcast –shares dispensaries.com 3 min read Each week hear inspiring stories of business owners who have taken the cannabis challenge and are now navigating the exciting but unpredictable Green Rush. Listen Now
Technology 2019 Entrepreneur 360 List Lincoln Spector Brought to you by PCWorld Next Article 7 min read You start your workday by booting up your Windows PC. You end the day by shutting it down again. No fuss. No muss. No bother.Yeah, right.A problem at boot time can keep you from your work–or your fun. And a shutdown issue takes a lot of the fun out of getting up and leaving your PC.In this Answer Line installment, I address three reader questions about common Windows startup and shutdown problems. If you have questions about your PC, or any other tech topic, send them to firstname.lastname@example.org or pose your question in our Answer Line forum.Why does my PC reboot when I tell it to shut down?theNetRanger, Answer Line forumWhen something causes a system failure at shutdown, Windows responds by rebooting. Thus, instead of telling you what’s wrong, it gives the impression that it can’t tell the difference between shutting down and restarting.Fortunately, you can turn off that silly behavior. Select Start, Run (just Start in Vista), type sysdm.cpl, and press Enter. Click the Advanced tab, and then click the Settings button under ‘Startup and Recovery’ (as opposed to the other two Settings buttons on that tab). Uncheck Automatically restart.That will stop the reboots, but it won’t fix the underlying problem: the system failure causing them. Still, it might give you an error message that you can research to find a solution.Once upon a time, a major culprit for system failures at shutdown was Roxio’s Easy CD Creator 5. If you’re still using that version (the current product is Easy Media Creator 10), you can still find the bug fix at Roxio’s Web site.Today, the problem is more likely to be caused by a hardware or driver issue. If the problem started soon after you added a new peripheral or updated an old driver, try removing the recent addition. Check vendors’ Web sites for updated drivers for your new hardware, or use Windows’ Device Manager to roll back to older ones if you suspect an update has caused the trouble.How do I get Windows to stop asking me for a password when I boot my PC?Wesley Harris, via e-mailWindows requires a log-in password for a reason: to protect you. If someone else can log in as you, they may be able to access your encrypted files, send out e-mail under your name, log in to Web sites as you, and even make purchases using your credit card number.You can protect yourself from the worst of those offenses without a log-in password–just enter passwords at other times. For instance, you can set up your e-mail system to require a password, and you can keep sensitive files in a TrueCrypt vault. But giving up the log-in password removes a layer of security.Still, if only trustworthy people have access to your PC, and if you take the right precautions, turning off Windows’ native password protection probably won’t do you harm.Turning the password feature off is simple: Select Start, Run (just Start in Vista), type control userpasswords2, and press Enter. Uncheck Users must enter a user name and password to use this computer.When you click OK or Apply, a dialog box will ask you which user should be logged on automatically. Entering your name and password this one time will free you from having to type in the info again.Why does my PC occasionally freeze at Windows’ boot-up screen?brn2rnjk1, Answer Line forumFirst, you need to figure out if this a Windows problem or a hardware problem. Try to notice at what point the computer hangs (admittedly difficult if the problem doesn’t happen regularly). If Windows starts loading before disaster strikes, that means there’s an issue with a startup file or a Windows component, and you can skip the next five paragraphs. If everything freezes before the PC starts loading Windows from the hard drive, the cause definitely lies somewhere in the hardware.If you’re unsure where the problem is, try to isolate it by booting from a CD, DVD, or flash drive. Again, the intermittent nature of your problem makes the task difficult; you may have to do this daily for a while before you can be confident that the problem is on the hard drive–either a Windows glitch or something with the hard drive itself. If you don’t have a bootable CD or flash drive, see “Six Downloadable Boot Discs That Could Save Your PC” for some suggestions.Of course, the culprit could be a boot device other than the hard drive. If your PC tries to boot from the CD/DVD drive before the hard drive (as most do), a defect in that drive may interfere with the boot even when the drive is empty. This could also be the case with USB ports and floppy drives.To determine which drive could be the cause, go into your system setup program and change the boot order. I can’t tell you how to do this exactly, since it varies from BIOS to BIOS; look for a message soon after the PC boots that says something like ‘Press F2 for Setup’. Once in the setup program, search the menus for something like ‘Boot Options’ or ‘Boot Order’. Make your hard drive the first device in the boot order, and then save and exit. If that fixes the problem, experiment with putting different devices before the hard drive, one at a time, until the problem returns. Then you’ll know the culpritIf all of the above tests point to a hard-drive problem, Answer Line forum member Snorg recommends error-checking and defragging the hard drive. You’ll find the tools for both jobs by right-clicking the C: drive in Windows Explorer and selecting Properties, Tools. When you click Check Now under ‘Error-checking’, make sure that Automatically fix file system errors is checked before you click Start. If Windows reports that it can’t perform the check because the disk is in use, select Yes (in XP) or Schedule disk check (in Vista) for the check to run at the next boot.If that doesn’t help, and the PC freezes before the Windows logo appears, open the computer’s case (if it’s a desktop) and check the cables connecting the hard drive to the motherboard and the power supply. You might even consider replacing them. If you have a laptop, bring it to a shop and have a professional look at it.If Windows comes up and then freezes, something is wrong with your boot or autoloading sequence. The Event Viewer may tell you what. Select Start, Run, type eventvwr, and press Enter. In the left pane, select System. In the right (XP) or center (Vista) pane, find and double-click an event with a red flag and the word Error. If the resulting dialog box doesn’t provide useful information, click the URL in the description box (XP) or click the Event Log Online Help link (Vista).Finally, you might try fiddling with your autoloading programs. Windows launches them all at once, and that can cause conflicts. Use R2 Studios’ free Startup Delayer to insert delays before some of your autoloading programs. You might also consider disabling some autoloaders. See “Why Is My PC Acting Up?” for details. Does your PC hang, complain, or flat-out blue-screen when you start it up or shut it down? PC World’s Lincoln Spector has answers to readers’ most perplexing boot and shutdown questions. Add to Queue July 31, 2008 The only list that measures privately-held company performance across multiple dimensions—not just revenue. Troubleshoot Your Boot-Up and Shutdown Problems –shares Apply Now »
Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Oct 25 2018In Greek mythology, a chimera is a figure with the head of a lion, the body of a goat, and the tail of a serpent. But the concept is not entirely imaginary.Human chimeras are people who have cells from more than one person, sometimes as a result of absorbing the genetic code of a twin while still in the womb, or as the result of receiving an organ transplant. Scientists have created dozens of types of human-animal chimeras by putting human cells into lab animals to conduct potentially life-saving research, such as recent attempts to grow human organs in animals for transplant into patients with a serious medical need.But the ethical implications are profound, including concerns that the transfer of human stem cells into animal hosts would result in an animal possessing at least partially human moral status, especially if the central nervous system is involved. The debate will likely grow in intensity as advances in human stem cell science and genetic engineering techniques enable researchers to more extensively and precisely insert developing human cells (and self-organizing mini-organ structures derived from human stem cells) into any stage of embryonic, fetal, or post-natal development of vertebrate animals.”These scientific advances are thrilling,” said Insoo Hyun, PhD, professor of bioethics at Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine. “Yet they also reveal conceptual, ethical, and procedural limitations in existing ethics guidance for biomedical research on chimeras.”To address these shortfalls, Hyun, a principal investigator of the project, along with co-investigator Patricia Marshall, PhD, professor of bioethics at Case Western Reserve, and bioethicists from the Hastings Center in New York will identify ways of improving existing guidelines and ensuring professional accountability and responsibility in human-animal chimera research. The interdisciplinary bioethics project is supported by a three-year, $1.5 million grant from the National Human Genome Research Institute of the National Institutes of Health.At present there are two sets of influential guidelines for this research – one from the U.S. National Academies of Sciences and the other from the International Society of Stem Cell Research. “These recommendations represent important landmarks in U.S. and international initiatives that offer oversight to the emerging science of human-animal chimera research,” said Hyun. “But our review of this guidance, and preliminary exploration with major thought leaders in the field, make clear the need for improvements. The first need is for conceptual clarity and ethical analysis related to defining and measuring ‘humanization’ and its significance to animal welfare. The second is for improvement of the oversight system, including greater clarity about who should be responsible and accountable for the research and how best to address potential concerns in an efficient review system.”Related StoriesNew research links “broken heart syndrome” to cancerTrump administration cracks down on fetal tissue researchScientists develop universal FACS-based approach to heterogenous cell sorting, propelling organoid researchHyun and Marshall’s work will be supported by an advisory group of 20 scientists, philosophers, and bioethics leaders in the field, helping to carry out an extensive review of current guidelines and relevant professional literature, as well as examining philosophical concerns, moral uncertainties, and value conflicts related to chimera research. They will also conduct detailed interviews with scientists and members of stem cell and animal-research oversight committees at a number of institutions, including Harvard University, the Salk Institute, Stanford University, and Weill Cornell Medicine.”Our goal is to ensure that the lived experiences, goals, and challenges of experts in the field will inform the recommendations that will emerge from this research project,” said Marshall.Hyun and Marshall will publish their recommendations for enhancing the current guidelines in a special issue of the Hastings Center Report, a leading peer-reviewed academic journal of bioethics. They will also develop a set of educational materials, both in print and online, that includes challenging real-world and thought-experiment scenarios with commentaries on how such situations can be managed in light of complex normative concerns. Source:http://casemed.case.edu/cwrumed360/news-releases/release.cfm?news_id=1529&news_category=8
Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Oct 26 2018Biophysicists at Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB) have demonstrated that Raman microscopy can be used to detect the resistance of tumor cells to cancer drugs. Unlike conventional approaches, this method does not require any antibodies or markers. It detects the response of cells to administered drugs and therefore could determine the effect of drugs in preclinical studies.The team headed by Professor Klaus Gerwert and Dr. Samir El-Mashtoly from the RUB Department of Biophysics, in collaboration with Professor Stephan Hahn from the RUB Department of Molecular GI-Oncology, published an article on their work in the journal Scientific Reports on 15 October 2018.Drug-induced protein changesFor their study, the researchers used the drugs erlotinib and osimertinib, which are available under the trade names Tarceva and Tagrisso, respectively, and have been approved for lung cancer therapy. They inhibit cell growth by binding to specific proteins on the cell surface. However, patients develop resistance to the drugs in the course of therapy, because of protein changes in cancer cells.”In order to understand how such resistance develops, we have to be able to better analyze the drugs’ mechanism of action,” says Klaus Gerwert. “Raman microscopy can help to develop better cancer drugs,” adds Samir El-Mashtoly. “It would be a great advantage if we could predict if a drug causes resistance in preclinical studies.”Comparing efficacy in mutated and non-mutated cellsIn recent years, Samir El-Mashtoly and Klaus Gerwert have developed novel marker-free methods of Raman spectroscopy to determine the efficacy and distribution of drugs in cancer cells. For their current study, they mutated proteins in cancer cell lines, in order to simulate protein changes that occur in patients with drug resistance.Related StoriesTrends in colonoscopy rates not aligned with increase in early onset colorectal cancerStudy reveals link between inflammatory diet and colorectal cancer riskHow cell-free DNA can be targeted to prevent spread of tumorsTo date, it had been challenging to conduct such experiments in vitro – i.e. in a cell culture; rather, they had to be performed with patients. “Consequently, the analysis of drug resistance can now be significantly facilitated,” explains Klaus Gerwert. Using Raman microscopy, the researchers compared the efficacy of the drugs erlotinib and osimertinib in mutated and non-mutated cells.Raman microscopy can be used to generate a spectroscopic fingerprint of a cell’s molecular composition. A comparison of the spectra before and after the drug treatment provides an indication of the chemical processes triggered by the drug.Resistance only in mutated cellsErlotinib and osimertinib remained ineffective in cells with mutated proteins, while the drugs showed an effect in the non-mutated cancer cells. These results match the clinical observations that patients in whom certain proteins have changed in the course of therapy no longer respond to the drugs. Accordingly, the same resistance was detected in cells that had only been observed in patients before.In conventional tests, the efficacy of drugs is analyzed indirectly using markers that are attached to the drug or its target. “Using this approach, the response of one single protein, i.e. the marker, is analyzed,” explains Klaus Gerwert. “Raman microscopy, on the other hand, monitors an integral cell response; therefore, it is one of the methods that can test the efficacy of drugs in vitro.” Source:http://news.rub.de/english/press-releases/2018-10-26-raman-microscopy-testing-cells-cancer-drug-resistance
In this Jan. 9, 2007 file photo, Apple CEO Steve Jobs holds up the new iPhone during his keynote address at MacWorld Conference & Expo in San Francisco. Apple has become the world’s first company to be valued at $1 trillion, the financial fruit of tasteful technology that has redefined society since two mavericks named Steve started the company 42 years ago. (AP Photo/Paul Sakuma, File) Apple has become the world’s first publicly traded company to be valued at $1 trillion, the financial fruit of stylish technology that has redefined what we expect from our gadgets. In this Aug. 13, 1998 file photo, Apple’s new iMAC computer is seen at Apple headquarters in Cupertino, Calif. Apple has become the world’s first company to be valued at $1 trillion, the financial fruit of tasteful technology that has redefined society since two mavericks named Steve started the company 42 years ago. (AP Photo/Ben Margot, File) In this Sept. 9, 2014 file photo, the new Apple Watch is modeled during a media event in Cupertino, Calif. Apple has become the world’s first company to be valued at $1 trillion, the financial fruit of tasteful technology that has redefined society since two mavericks named Steve started the company 42 years ago.(AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez, File) In this May 22, 1997 file photo, the new Apple Newton MessagPad 2000 is shown at New York’s Newton Source store. Apple has become the world’s first company to be valued at $1 trillion, the financial fruit of tasteful technology that has redefined society since two mavericks named Steve started the company 42 years ago. (AP Photo/Richard Drew, file) © 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. In this Oct. 23, 2001 file photo, the original iPod is displayed after its introduction by Apple Computer Inc. chief executive officer Steve Jobs during a news conference in Cupertino, Calif. (Apple has become the world’s first company to be valued at $1 trillion, the financial fruit of tasteful technology that has redefined society since two mavericks named Steve started the company 42 years ago. AP Photo/Julie Jacobson, file) In this Sept. 9, 2014 file photo, the new Apple Watch is modeled during a media event in Cupertino, Calif. Apple has become the world’s first company to be valued at $1 trillion, the financial fruit of tasteful technology that has redefined society since two mavericks named Steve started the company 42 years ago.(AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez, File) In this May 6, 2003 file photo, Apple Computer customer walks into an Apple store in Palo Alto, Calif., passing a display of music albums for Apple’s new iTunes Music Store. Apple has become the world’s first company to be valued at $1 trillion, the financial fruit of tasteful technology that has redefined society since two mavericks named Steve started the company 42 years ago. (AP Photo/Paul Sakuma) In this April 28, 2003 file photo, Apple Computer Inc. chief executive Steve Jobs gestures during Apple’s launch of their new online “Music Store” and new iPod in San Francisco. Apple has become the world’s first company to be valued at $1 trillion, the financial fruit of tasteful technology that has redefined society since two mavericks named Steve started the company 42 years ago. (AP Photo, File) In this Oct. 6, 2011 file photo, a photo of Apple co-founder Steve Jobs is displayed as a tribute at Nasdaq in New York. Jobs died Wednesday at age 56 after a long battle with cancer. Apple has become the world’s first company to be valued at $1 trillion, the financial fruit of tasteful technology that has redefined society since two mavericks named Steve started the company 42 years ago. (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan) Cook’s hiring may have been one of the best things Jobs did for Apple. In addition, that is, to shepherding a decade-long succession of iconic products that transformed Apple from a technological boutique to a cultural phenomenon and moneymaking machine. The milestone reached Thursday marks the latest triumph of a trend-setting company that two mavericks named Steve started in a Silicon Valley garage 42 years ago.The achievement seemed unimaginable in 1997 when Apple teetered on the edge of bankruptcy, with its stock trading for less than $1, on a split-adjusted basis., and its market value dropping below $2 billion.To survive, Apple brought back its once-exiled co-founder, Steve Jobs, as interim CEO and turned to its archrival Microsoft for a $150 million cash infusion to help pay its bills.If someone had dared to buy $10,000 worth of stock at that point of desperation, the investment would now be worth about $2.6 million.Jobs eventually introduced popular products such as the iPod and iPhone that subsequently drove Apple’s rise. The stock has been surging this week as anticipation mounts for the next generation of iPhone, expected to be released in September.Apple hit the $1 trillion mark when its shares reached $207.04 around midday in New York. They rose to an all-time high of $208.32 before falling back slightly. The shares are up around 23 percent so far this year. In this Sept. 12, 2017, file photo, Apple CEO Tim Cook, shows new Apple Watch Series 3 product at the Steve Jobs Theater on the new Apple campus in Cupertino, Calif. Apple has become the world’s first company to be valued at $1 trillion, the financial fruit of tasteful technology that has redefined society since two mavericks named Steve started the company 42 years ago. (AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez, File) In this Aug. 13, 1998 file photo, Apple’s new iMAC computer is seen at Apple headquarters in Cupertino, Calif. Apple has become the world’s first company to be valued at $1 trillion, the financial fruit of tasteful technology that has redefined society since two mavericks named Steve started the company 42 years ago. (AP Photo/Ben Margot, File) As Jobs’ top lieutenant, Cook oversaw the intricate supply chain that fed consumers’ appetite for Apple’s devices and then held the company together in 2004 when Jobs was stricken with a cancer that forced him to periodically step away from work—sometimes for extended leaves of absences. Just months away from his death, Jobs officially handed off the CEO reins to Cook in August 2011.Although Apple has yet to produce another mass-market sensation since that changing of the guard, Cook has leveraged the legacy that Jobs left behind to stunning heights. Since Cook became CEO, Apple’s annual revenue has more than doubled to $229 billion while its stock has quadrupled.More than $600 billion of Apple’s current market value has been created while Cook has been CEO. That wealth creation exceeds the current market value of every publicly traded U.S. company except Amazon, Microsoft and Google’s parent, Alphabet.Even so, Cook has encountered criticism, chiefly for the creative void left in Jobs’ wake. The Apple Watch has been the closest thing that the company has had to creating another mass-market sensation under Cook’s leadership, but that device hasn’t come close to breaking into the cultural consciousness like the iPhone or the iPad. In this July 19, 2000, file photo, Steve Jobs, CEO of Apple Computer Inc, shows off the inside of his company’s new Power Macintosh G4, an 8-inch cube computer, during his keynote address at MacWorld Expo in New York. Apple has become the world’s first company to be valued at $1 trillion, the financial fruit of tasteful technology that has redefined society since two mavericks named Steve started the company 42 years ago. (AP Photo/Richard Drew, File) But that calculus changed under the administration of President Donald Trump, who pushed Congress to pass a sweeping overhaul of the U.S. tax code that includes a provision lowering this year’s rate to 15.5 percent on profits coming back from overseas.Apple took advantage of that break to bring back virtually all of its overseas cash, triggering a $38 billion tax bill. All that money coming back to the U.S. also spurred Apple to raise its dividend by 16 percent and commit to buy back $100 billion of its own stock as part of an effort to drive its stock price even higher. In this April 24, 1984 file photo, Steve Jobs, left, chairman of Apple Computers, John Sculley, center, president and CEO, and Steve Wozniak, co-founder of Apple, unveil the new Apple IIc computer in San Francisco, Calif. Apple has become the world’s first company to be valued at $1 trillion, the financial fruit of tasteful technology that has redefined society since two mavericks named Steve started the company 42 years ago. (AP Photo/Sal Veder, File) Citation: Financial fruit: Apple becomes 1st trillion-dollar company (2018, August 2) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-08-financial-fruit-apple-1st-trillion-dollar.html In this Sept. 12, 2017 file photo, with a photo of former Apple co-founder and CEO Steve Jobs projected in the background, Apple CEO Tim Cook kicks off the event for a new product announcement at the Steve Jobs Theater on the new Apple campus in Cupertino, Calif. Apple has become the world’s first company to be valued at $1 trillion, the financial fruit of tasteful technology that has redefined society since two mavericks named Steve started the company 42 years ago. (AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez, File) That has raised concerns that Apple has become far too dependent on the iPhone, especially since iPad sales tapered off several years ago. The iPhone now accounts for nearly two-thirds of Apple’s revenue.But Cook has capitalized on the continuing popularity of the iPhone and other products invented under Jobs’ reign to sell services tailored for the more than 1.3 billion devices now powered by the company’s software.Apple’s services division alone is on pace to generate about $35 billion in revenue this fiscal year—more than all but a few dozen U.S. companies churn out annually.Apple had also come under fire as it accumulated more than $250 billion in taxes in overseas accounts, triggering accusations of tax dodging. Cook insisted what Apple was doing legal and in the best interest of shareholders, given the offshore money would have been subjected to a 35 percent tax rate had if it were brought back to the U.S. In this Sept. 12, 2017, photo, the new iPhone X is displayed in the showroom after the new product announcement in Cupertino, Calif. Apple has become the world’s first company to be valued at $1 trillion, the financial fruit of tasteful technology that has redefined society since two mavericks named Steve started the company 42 years ago.(AP Photo/Marcio Jose Sanchez) Another company, Saudi Arabian Oil Co. could eclipse Apple if it goes through with plans for an initial public offering. Saudi officials have said the IPO would value Saudi Aramco, as the company is often called, at about $2 trillion. But until the IPO is completed, Saudi Aramco’s actual value remains murky.Jobs’ vision, showmanship and sense of style propelled Apple’s comeback. But it might not have happened if he hadn’t evolved into a more mature leader after his exit from the company in 1985. His ignominious departure came after losing a power struggle with John Sculley, a former Pepsico executive who he recruited to become Apple’s CEO in 1983— seven years after he and his geeky friend Steve Wozniak teamed up to start the company with the administrative help of Ronald Wayne.Jobs remained mercurial when he returned to Apple, but he had also become more thoughtful and adept at spotting talent that would help him create a revolutionary innovation factory. One of his biggest coups came in 1998 when he lured a soft-spoken Southerner, Tim Cook, away from Compaq Computer at a time when Apple’s survival remained in doubt. In this April 28, 2003 file photo, Apple Computer Inc. chief executive Steve Jobs gestures as he introduces the new iPod during Apple’s launch of their new online “Music Store” in San Francisco,. Apple has become the world’s first company to be valued at $1 trillion, the financial fruit of tasteful technology that has redefined society since two mavericks named Steve started the company 42 years ago. (AP Photo, File) Explore further Apple gives Tim Cook 1 million shares Milestones along the way for Apple’s trip to $1 trillionApril 1976 Apple is founded by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak and Ronald Wayne.June 1977 The Apple II computer is released.December 1980 Apple goes public and its stock beings trading on the Nasdaq.April 1983 Former PepsiCo executive John Sculley becomes Apple’s CEO after being recruited by Steve Jobs.January 1984 Jobs unveils the Macintosh, the first mass-market personal computer to feature a mouse and a graphical interface on the display screen.September 1985 Jobs leaves Apple’s board after company’s directors side with CEO John Sculley in a dispute between the two men.June 1993 Longtime Apple employee Michael Spindler becomes CEO, replacing Sculley, who remains the company’s chairman.August 1993 Apple releases the Newton, a touch-screen device that was supposed to work like a digital notepad.October 1993 Sculley steps down as Apple’s chairman after a disappointing earnings report.February 1996 Apple hires turnaround specialist Gil Amelio as its CEO after Spindler’s efforts to sell the company to Sun Microsystems or IBM unravel.December 1996 Apple buys Next Software, a company started by Jobs, for about $400 million. Jobs agrees to return to Apple as an adviser.August 1997 Apple announces it’s getting a $150 million infusion from archrival Microsoft to help keep the company afloat.September 1997 Apple announces Jobs will serve as its interim CEO.May 1998 Jobs unveils a new line of personal computers called the iMac.January 2000 Apple drops the “interim” preface from Jobs’ CEO title.May 2001 Apple opens its first retail stores in Virginia and California.October 2001 Jobs unveils a digital music player called the iPod.April 2003 Jobs unveils iTunes, a digital music store that initially only could be accessed on Apple devices. A version that worked on personal computers powered by Windows software came out six months later to broaden the market.August 2004 Jobs discloses he had surgery for a rare form of pancreatic cancer.October 2005 Tim Cook is promoted to chief operating officer.January 2007 Jobs unveils the iPhone.March 2008 Jobs announces an app store for the iPhone.January 2009 Jobs takes a six-month leave of absence to tend to his health, temporarily turning the reins over to Cook.January 2010 Jobs unveils a tablet computer called the iPad.January 2011 Jobs takes an indefinite leave of absence, leaving Cook in charge once again.August 2011 Jobs resigns as CEO and Cook succeeds him.October 2011 Jobs dies.March 2012 Apple announces it is restoring a quarterly dividend for the first time since 1995.September 2014 Apple announces the Apple Watch, its first new product since Jobs’ death.March 2015 Apple becomes one of the 30 companies comprising the Dow Jones Industrial Average.June 2015 Apple launches its music-streaming service.June 2017 Apple announces its first internet-connected speaker, the HomePod.September 2017 Apple unveils its first $1,000 phone, the iPhone X, in celebration of the product line’s 10th anniversary.August 2018: Apple becomes the first publicly traded company valued at $1 trillion. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
An international team of researchers affiliated with UNIST has presented an innovative wearable technology that turns the user’s skin into a loudspeaker. This breakthrough was led by Professor Hyunhyub Ko in the School of Energy and Chemical Engineering at UNIST. Created in part to help the hearing and speech impaired, the new technology can be further explored for applications such as wearable IoT sensors and conformal health care devices. The schematic images of (A) skin-attachable NM loudspeaker with the orthogonal AgNW array and (B) wearable and transparent NM microphone. Credit: UNIST In the study, the research team developed ultrathin, transparent and conductive hybrid nanomembranes with nanoscale thickness, consisting of an orthogonal silver nanowire array embedded in a polymer matrix. They then used the nanomembrane as a loudspeaker that can be attached to almost anything to produce sounds. The researchers also introduced a similar device, acting as a microphone, that can be connected to smartphones and computers to unlock voice-activated security systems.Nanomembranes (NMs) are molecularly thin separation layers with nanoscale thickness. Polymer NMs have attracted considerable attention owing to their outstanding advantages including extreme flexibility, ultralight weight, and excellent adhesibility, allowing them to be attached to almost any surface. However, they tear easily and exhibit no electrical conductivity.The research team has solved such issues by embedding a silver nanowire network within a polymer-based nanomembrane. This has enabled the demonstration of skin-attachable and imperceptible loudspeaker and microphone. “Our ultrathin, transparent, and conductive hybrid NMs facilitate conformal contact with curvilinear and dynamic surfaces without any cracking or rupture,” says Saewon Kang in the doctroral program of Energy and Chemical Engineering at UNIST, the first author of the study. More information: Saewon Kang et al, Transparent and conductive nanomembranes with orthogonal silver nanowire arrays for skin-attachable loudspeakers and microphones, Science Advances (2018). DOI: 10.1126/sciadv.aas8772 Provided by Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology Explore further How scientists turned a flag into a loudspeaker The skin-attachable NM loudspeakers work by emitting thermoacoustic sound by the temperature-induced oscillation of the surrounding air. The periodic Joule heating that occurs when an electric current passes through a conductor and produces heat leads to these temperature oscillations. It has attracted considerable attention for being a stretchable, transparent, and skin-attachable loudspeaker.Wearable microphones are sensors, attached to a speaker’s neck to even sense the vibration of the vocal folds. This sensor operates by converting the frictional force generated by the oscillation of the transparent conductive nanofiber into electric energy. For the operation of the microphone, the hybrid nanomembrane is inserted between elastic films with tiny patterns to precisely detect the sound and the vibration of the vocal cords based on a triboelectric voltage that results from the contact with the elastic films.”For commercial applications, the mechanical durability of nanomebranes and the performance of loudspeaker and microphone should be improved further,” says Professor Ko. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Journal information: Science Advances Ultrathin, conductive, and transparent hybrid NMs can be applied to the fabrication of skin-attachable NM loudspeakers and voice-recognition microphones, which would be unobtrusive in appearance due to their excellent transparency and conformal contact capability. Credit: UNIST He adds, “These layers are capable of detecting sounds and vocal vibrations produced by the triboelectric voltage signals corresponding to sounds, which could be further explored for various potential applications, such as sound input/output devices.”Using the hybrid NMs, the research team fabricated skin-attachable NM loudspeakers and microphones, which would be unobtrusive in appearance because of their excellent transparency and conformal contact capability. These wearable speakers and microphones are paper-thin, yet still capable of conducting sound signals.”The biggest breakthrough of our research is the development of ultrathin, transparent, and conductive hybrid nanomembranes with nanoscale thickness, less than 100 nanometers,” says Professor Ko. “These outstanding optical, electrical, and mechanical properties of nanomembranes enable the demonstration of skin-attachable and imperceptible loudspeaker and microphone.” Citation: Transparent loudspeakers and mics that let your skin play music (2018, September 19) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-09-transparent-loudspeakers-mics-skin-music.html
Every 4 hours, round-the-clock decrease 4 times gradually come 3 times, every time 2New love Shanghai is opposite with the city touch forum 00, 250 milliliter, use gradually complementary feed replace half times arrive, volume of the sugar in the grandma begins to reduce. 3. baby a baby’s completion of its first month of life arrives 2 months 9 months after 7. is born arrive 12 months Every 4 hours are fed, daily 5, 6, measure every time for 150, 200 milliliter. 3 months after 5. is born arrive 6 months For the baby at different month, have the powdered milk of different level, average baby milk powder is1000 beautiful nets of Shanghai Cent is 4 phase, the nutrient part that the baby of different level needs is different, because some nutrient material are contained to also differ inside this milk powder, and also meet as grown baby appetite of the babyForum of baby of new Shanghai noble Increase, so what is guideline of feed of infantile milk powder? Increase according to weight nurse a quantity, a day of feed 6, 7, lie between every time 3.5, 4 hours, measure every time for 80, 120 milliliter. 2 months after 4. is born arrive 3 months Every 4 hours, everyday 5, every time quantity: 3, 5 months every time 150, 200 milliliter, the quantity becomes later 200, 250 milliliter, everyday gross cannot exceed 1000 milliliter, cannot exceed 250 milliliter every time. Complementary1000 beautiful nets of Shanghai It is OK to feed in 4 months when begin to add. 6 months after 6. is born arrive 9 months Milk powder feed is measured Digest circumstance decision according to the baby, eupeptic can feed pure grandma, daily give 100, 150 milliliter, feed every time 60, 100 milliliter. When the new student milk powder feed is used commonly after ablactationing, but the basis of how many thing of specific amount infantile month age judgement, the quantity perhaps cannot pass too much little, of the baby the month of quantity of milk powder feed and baby age into direct ratio. 1. new student a few days ago Feed milk powder is measured according to the baby every kilograms of weight decides, daily 100-200 milliliter. New student digestion is returned crudely, pure grandma is stodgy, because this wants according to scale add water. Add water scale: 4 than 1, 3 than 2, 3 than 1, 2 than 1, 1 than 1, the quantity of drop off water. For compensatory candy cent, need adds the monose of 5%-8% , lie between 3, 3Love Shanghai is the same as city forum .5 hour is fed, everyday 7, 8. For instance infantile weight 4 kilograms, algorithm is as follows: 4*100=400 milliliter is suckled, every use grandma amount suddenly: 400 milliliter are suckled + the quantity that 100 milliliter water is equal to 500 milliliter, divide next with everyday 7, 8, every quantity is cipher out 55, 71 milliliter. Add the candy of on 5% finally, in 5, 6 months increase according to this scale. 2. is born half month arrives full moon Every other 4 hours, decrease 3 times gradually everyday come 2 times, every time 250 milliliter, cooperate feed complementary feed, those who want an attention is every 2 water should be fed among the grandma.