Avian influenza patterns resemble 1918 pandemic, WHO study shows

first_imgJul 3, 2006 (CIDRAP News) – The World Health Organization (WHO) on Friday published its first epidemiologic analysis of all laboratory-confirmed cases of H5N1 avian influenza reported to the agency between Dec 1, 2003, and Apr 30, 2006.Though the quality, reliability, and format of the surveillance data varied by country, the WHO notes in its report that the conclusions are still useful for tracking disease patterns and planning future studies.Over the time period studied, 205 cases were confirmed by polymerase chain reaction on respiratory tract specimens and/or microneutralization assay on serum specimens. Two asymptomatic Vietnamese patients whose cases were confirmed retrospectively from contact-screening samples were not included in the analysis, leaving a total of 203 cases, and the age of one patient was not known, leaving 202 cases available for age analyses.The number of new countries reporting human cases of H5N1 has increased greatly in recent months as outbreaks among avian populations have spread, the study showed. From late 2003 through mid-2005, four countries reported human cases of H5N1 infection. In the much shorter period from October 2005 through the end of April 2006, five new countries reported cases in humans.About half the cases occurred in people under age 20 (102 of 202), and 90% in people younger than age 40 (180 of 202). The high proportion of cases occurring in younger people may reflect the young population of the countries where the cases occurred, for example in Egypt and Indonesia. The WHO noted that the incomplete nature of the data makes it difficult to make reliable links between age and exposure and that more studies are needed to assess whether younger people or other groups are at increased risk of contracting the disease.The overall fatality rate was 56% (113 of 202), with the incidence of death highest in those aged 10 to 39 years. The WHO emphasized that the fatality-rate patterns are notable for two reasons. They differ from the pattern of seasonal influenza, in which mortality is highest in elderly people. Also the case-fatality patterns resemble those observed during previous influenza pandemics—particularly the one that occurred in 1918.The case-fatality rate was highest in 2004 (73%). It decreased to 43% in 2005, then has risen to 63% so far in 2006.The researchers also examined the time intervals between symptom onset and hospitalization as well as between symptom onset and death and compared the intervals for different time periods. The median duration of illness onset to hospitalization for the entire surveillance period was 4 days and the median interval to death 9 days. There was no significant difference in the length of these intervals between 2004, 2005, and the first 4 months of 2006Human cases have occurred year-round, but the peaks have coincided with winter and spring in the northern hemisphere. “If this pattern continues, an upsurge in cases could be anticipated starting in late 2006 or early 2007,” the researches state.The report highlights the gap in essential data needed to understand and refine treatment of patients with the disease. “Collecting more detailed information on antiviral treatments and outcomes, and particularly linking this information to sequential virological sampling, could inform future management decisions,” the authors concluded.WHO. Epidemiology of WHO-confirmed human cases of avian A(H5N1) infection. WER 2006 Jun 30;81(26):249–260 [Full text]last_img read more

Friday is Emancipation Dress Day

first_imgThe Cultural Division has organised a week of activities to observe Emancipation 2020 and one of the planned activities is an Emancipation Dress Day on Friday, July 31st 2020.All are invited to participate in the Emancipation Dress Day by wearing any kind of Creole or African wear on that day.The purpose of that day is to encourage the general public to embrace Dominica’s cultural identity and help promote cultural expression and in that way contribute to the celebration of Emancipation 2020. Share AnnouncementsLifestyleLocalNews Friday is Emancipation Dress Day by: – July 27, 2020 117 Views   no discussions Tweetcenter_img Share Sharing is caring! Sharelast_img read more

Jackson’s Raceway Park streak reaches three

first_imgLuke Jackson three-peated in Sunday’s Mach-1 Sport Compact feature at Raceway Park. (Photo by Tim Smith)By Bob ConeyJEFFERSON, S.D. (June 11) – The Z98 IMCA Sport Compact division continued to be the do­main of Luke Jackson, who took his third straight win Sunday at Raceway Park.Chasing Jackson across the line for the second straight week was Tyler Thompson followed by Brody Spreng and Seth Bodlak.In the Total Motors IMCA Modified feature, Jason Schneiders took his second win in the last three weeks in a caution-free event. Travis Barker took his second straight win in the Casey’s General Store IMCA Stock Car division in dominating fashion.Craig Clift worked his way to the front of the field in the Golden Auto Sales IMCA Hobby Stock feature and never looked back on the way to victory lane.The KCAU9 IMCA Northern SportMod feature was a heartbreaker for Rusty Montagne, who got a flat tire on the final lap while in control at the front of the field. As Montagne tried to get the car to turn left in the final turns, Arie Schouten dove underneath to take his third win of the season fol­lowed by Karl Brewer. Montange limped across the line in third.last_img read more

Ellsworth girls’ basketball team “turns the heat up” to top GSA

first_imgELLSWORTH — Looking to rebound from a 20-point loss, the Ellsworth girls’ basketball team went back to the drawing board.After notching a difficult road win against Orono to open the season last Saturday, Andy Pooler’s Ellsworth Eagles had the chance to earn another Wednesday when it returned to Penobscot County for a matchup with Old Town. Instead, Ellsworth fell behind early and couldn’t catch up in a 50-30 defeat.Over the next few days, Pooler decided a different strategy was in order for the Eagles’ next contest. Between making changes to the offense and toying with new lineups, he focused on adjustments that would use his team’s depth to wear down its opponents.“Our next practice after [the Old Town game], I came in and said, ‘Guys, how about this team turns the heat up?’” Pooler said. “With the number of bodies we have, it seemed like a good time to make that change. I just thought it was a good way to keep our legs fresh and give us that added edge.”This is placeholder textThis is placeholder textOn Saturday, the Eagles had the chance to put that game plan into action in their first home game of the year. In doing so, Pooler’s team got back on track with a decisive victory against a Hancock County foe.Ellsworth bounced back from a tough midweek result against Old Town with a 62-29 win Saturday against George Stevens Academy. The win came in the first of five straight home games for Ellsworth, which is looking to gain a leg up in the Class B North standings as 2018 comes to a close. Ellsworth’s Trinity Montigny attempts a layup during the first half of a high school girls’ basketball game against GSA on Dec. 15 at Ellsworth High School. The game marked the start of a five-game home stand for Ellsworth. ELLSWORTH AMERICAN PHOTO BY MIKE MANDELLEllsworth’s Sara Shea looks to save a ball going out of bounds during the first half of a high school girls’ basketball game against GSA on Dec. 15 at Ellsworth High School. Shea, who came off the bench instead of performing in her usual starting role, scored eight points for Ellsworth. ELLSWORTH AMERICAN PHOTO BY MIKE MANDELLEllsworth’s Trinity Montigny blocks a shot attempt by GSA’s Mallory Charette during the second half of a high school girls’ basketball game on Dec. 15 at Ellsworth High School. Montigny led all scorers with 16 points, and Charette scored six for GSA to finish tied with teammates Sophia Biggie-Jennings and Luna Perry-St. Peter. ELLSWORTH AMERICAN PHOTO BY MIKE MANDELLGSA’s Julianna Allen and Ellsworth’s Samantha Carter go after a loose ball during the second half of a high school girls’ basketball game on Dec. 15 at Ellsworth High School. Carter was the No. 2 scorer for Ellsworth with 11 points, including three 3-pointers. ELLSWORTH AMERICAN PHOTO BY MIKE MANDELLGSA’s Julianna Allen looks to drive to the basket against Ellsworth’s Sara Shea during the second half of a high school girls’ basketball game on Dec. 15 at Ellsworth High School. GSA fell to 0-4 on the season with the loss. ELLSWORTH AMERICAN PHOTO BY MIKE MANDELLGSA’s Luna Perry-St. Peter drives to the basket as Ellsworth’s Sierra Andrews (middle) and Kylie Robidoux defend during the second half of a high school girls’ basketball game on Dec. 15 at Ellsworth High School. ELLSWORTH AMERICAN PHOTO BY MIKE MANDELL123456PreviousNextPooler began the game with one of last year’s returning starters, Sara Shea, on the bench. That allowed the home team to see what some of its newcomers could do while ensuring Shea could come in fresh later in the game, and the plan paid off as Ellsworth (2-1) dominated the first eight minutes to take a 20-5 lead.“We kind of wanted to do what Old Town did to us and just put it to them right away,” junior Trinity Montigny said. “I think we were also just pumped and ready to go with it being our first home game. We had a lot of energy.”GSA (0-4) fought back in the second quarter, but Ellsworth continued to stretch its lead with the play of sophomore Samantha Carter. Carter responded to a brief GSA run with a trio of 3-pointers, and the Eagles built on that newfound momentum to carry a 37-14 advantage into halftime.“One of the reasons we’ve tried to spread out and add wrinkles to the offense a little bit is because of her ability to shoot the 3,” Pooler said of Carter. “I started her today to see how she would respond to that, and she went and got her confidence going there when she went on that run.”Montigny, who took a back seat in the first half with some of the younger players providing the bulk of the offense, got going in the second with six points in the third quarter. She scored six more in the fourth for Ellsworth, which also got eight second-half points from Samantha Higgins.Montigny finished with a game-high 16 points for Ellsworth, which received 11 from Carter and eight apiece from Higgins, Shea and Kylie Robidoux. Sophia Biggie-Jennings, Mallory Charette and Luna Perry-St Peter had six points each for GSA, which is scheduled to host Bucksport (1-2) at 7 p.m. Monday, Dec. 17, and Sumner (0-3) at 7 p.m. Friday, Dec. 21.Ellsworth’s next game will be at home against Belfast (0-4) at 1 p.m. Saturday, Dec. 22. The team will then host Presque Isle and Caribou at 4:30 p.m. Dec. 27 and 1 p.m. Dec. 28, respectively, before ending its five-game home stand with a rematch against Orono at 1 p.m. Dec. 31.If Ellsworth can make that stretch a winning one, it will be at or near the top of the Heals when the 2019 portion of the schedule begins. To do so, the team must continue to make the types of improvements it did against GSA.“I think we still need to get a little bit better at rebounding,” Shea said. “We were better [today] than we were against Old Town, but there’s always a chance to improve in every category this time of year.” Bio Mike MandellMike Mandell is the sports editor at The Ellsworth American and Mount Desert Islander. He began working for The American in August 2016. You can reach him via email at mmandell@ellsworthamerican.com. Hospice volunteers help families navigate grief and find hope – September 12, 2020 Ellsworth runners compete in virtual Boston Marathon – September 16, 2020center_img Latest posts by Mike Mandell (see all) MPA approves golf, XC, field hockey, soccer; football, volleyball moved to spring – September 10, 2020 Latest Postslast_img read more

Bangladesh limit Lyon damage on day one in Chittagong

first_img(REUTERS) – Captain Mushfiqur Rahim and Sabbir Rahman shared a century stand to help Bangladesh fight back from Nathan Lyon’s five-wicket haul and lead the hosts to 253 for six on the opening day of the second and final Test against Australia yesterday.Leading Australia’s three-pronged spin attack with the new ball in hand, Lyon claimed three wickets in the morning session and another soon after lunch to reduce Bangladesh to 85-4 at the Zahur Ahmed Chowdhury Stadium.Sabbir and Mushfiqur arrested the slide with a 105-run stand for the fifth wicket.Sabbir fell after tea but Mushfiqur was batting on 62 at stumps with Nasir Hossain on 19.Desperate to level the series after being humbled inside four days in Dhaka, Australia went in with three spinners and a lone paceman in Pat Cummins, a strategy they had not employed since 1978.Lyon was rewarded for his clever change of pace, and the Bangladesh batsmen paid the price for playing him on the back foot with the ball often keeping low.Mushfiqur won an important toss and unsurprisingly opted to bat against a spin-heavy Australian side but the hosts did not get the start they were looking for.Opener Tamim Iqbal looked uncomfortable against Cummins’ pace and was spilled in the slips by Glenn Maxwell.Lyon ensured it did not really matter, however, trapping the opener lbw for nine with a quicker delivery.Four overs later, Imrul Kayes fell in the same fashion after Australia successfully reviewed the original not-out decision.Soumya Sarkar added 49 runs with Mominul Haque but Bangladesh suffered another setback on the stroke of lunch.Lyon sent down a skidding delivery to dismiss Soumya for 33 and returned after the interval to claim Mominul for 31, the fourth successive lbw decision.Ashton Agar took the important wicket of Shakib Al Hasan, the architect of Bangladesh’s thrilling 20-run win in Dhaka, for 24 with under-fire Matthew Wade taking a fine catch behind the stumps.Sabbir was not afraid to play his shots and stepped out to hit Lyon for a six in his belligerent 66 before Wade effected a smart stumping to give Lyon his third five-wicket haul in successive Tests.Mushfiqur was his usual composed self at the other end as he brought up his 18th Test fifty. BANGLADESH 1st inningsTamim Iqbal lbw b Lyon                9   Soumya Sarkar lbw b Lyon     33  Imrul Kayes lbw b Lyon                4   Mominul Haque lbw b Lyon   31  Shakib Al Hasan c Wade b Agar    24  Mushfiqur Rahim not out      62  Sabbir Rahman stp. Wade b Lyon                                                                                                                                                 66  Nasir Hossain not out        19  Extras: (b-5)             5   Total: (for 6 wickets, 90 overs) 253 Fall of wickets: 1-13, 2-21, 3-70, 4-85, 5-117, 6-222.Bowling: P. Cummins 17-4-33-0, N. Lyon 28-6-77-5, S. O’Keefe 20-0-70-0, A. Agar 17-6-46-1, G. Maxwell 3-0-6-0, H. Cartwright 5-1-16-0.last_img read more