Guaranty Trust Bank Plc (GUARAN.ng) 2012 Abridged Report

first_imgGuaranty Trust Bank Plc (GUARAN.ng) listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchange under the Banking sector has released it’s 2012 abridged results.For more information about Guaranty Trust Bank Plc (GUARAN.ng) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Guaranty Trust Bank Plc (GUARAN.ng) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Guaranty Trust Bank Plc (GUARAN.ng)  2012 abridged results.Company ProfileGuaranty Trust Bank Plc (GTBank) is a leading financial services institution in Nigeria with business operations in Cote D’Ivoire, Gambia, Ghana, Liberia, Kenya, Rwanda, Uganda, Sierra Leone, Tanzania and the United Kingdom. The company provides banking products and services for the retail, commercial and corporate banking sectors. GTBank has received numerous accolades in recognition of excellent service, delivery, innovation, corporate social responsibility and good corporate governance include ‘The Best Banking Group by World Finance Magazine’ and ‘The Most Innovative African Bank by The African Banker Magazine’ in 2016/2017. GTBank’s head office is in Lagos, Nigeria. Guaranty Trust Bank is listed on the Nigerian Stock Exchangelast_img read more

Furnmart Limited (FURNMA.bw) HY2018 Interim Report

first_imgFurnmart Limited (FURNMA.bw) listed on the Botswana Stock Exchange under the Retail sector has released it’s 2018 interim results for the half year.For more information about Furnmart Limited (FURNMA.bw) reports, abridged reports, interim earnings results and earnings presentations, visit the Furnmart Limited (FURNMA.bw) company page on AfricanFinancials.Document: Furnmart Limited (FURNMA.bw)  2018 interim results for the half year.Company ProfileFurnmart Limited markets furniture and electrical appliances for the domestic market through an international network of retail outlets in Botswana, South Africa, Namibia and Zambia. The company also offers a range of smart credit services. Furnmart retail outlets offer a wide range of home products that includes kitchen appliances such as fridges, freezers, washing machines and microwaves; bedroom products which include bed bases and mattresses, and bedroom furniture, rugs, carpets and curtains; and stylish furniture for the lounge and dining room which includes couches, dining room tables and chairs, and quality carpets and curtains.last_img read more

DEAR FARM / VIVA Architecture

first_img Arwo-Bouw ArchDaily ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/871311/dear-farm-viva-architecture Clipboard The Netherlands Year:  Houses Manufacturers: VELUX Commercial, Forbo Flooring Systems ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/871311/dear-farm-viva-architecture Clipboard DEAR FARM / VIVA ArchitectureSave this projectSaveDEAR FARM / VIVA Architecture 2016 “COPY” Architects In Charge:Sylvie Bruyninckx, Isabelle Verbruggen, Elvia Gonzalez CostasCity:Baarle-NassauCountry:The NetherlandsMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Koen BroosRecommended ProductsWoodBlumer LehmannFree Form Structures for Wood ProjectsWoodStructureCraftEngineering – Architectural & FreeformCeramicsTerrealTerracotta Baguettes in Vork CenterWoodHESS TIMBERTimber – GLT HybridText description provided by the architects. Situated in a typical agricultural area, lies a large authentic ‘long-facade’ farmhouse, dating back from the late 19th century.The client wishes to convert it to their home, but given the limited budget and the expected comfort, it is decided, after an extensive study, to demolish the large existing farm and replace it with a contemporary interpretation of a typical ‘long-facade’ farmhouse, linked with the exploitation of their red deer farm Save this picture!ElevationsThe new and smaller farmhouse is designed and constructed as a solid wood construction (CLT), taking into account permanent contact and monitoring of the deer. Transverse views are important to the client, in order to check up on the animals and intervene the moment a problem occurs.Save this picture!© Koen BroosThe house is sequentially built up with spaces that are interconnected in the longitudinal direction. The resulting long axes make the house more spacious while at the same time they allow to view the deer at any time.Save this picture!© Koen BroosAs with a classic farmhouse, the roof is covered with clay tiles. In this case, they continue as a facade material and are perforated by square windows in three different sizes. The short ends of the house are treated as a cutting plane and finished with glass and aluminum panels. This reinterpretation emphasizes the prototypical design of a house.Save this picture!© Koen BroosThe choice for the CLT construction method has several reasons: as a reference to the traditional farmhouse with its exposed truss-construction, because of the cost saved by not finishing off the interior, and a shorter construction period in function of a business that could only tolerate work on site for up to six months due to the tranquility the deer need Save this picture!SectionThe project is particular in its intent because of a limited budget of 325.000 euro for a fully finished house of 250 square meters, kitchen, bathroom and custom made furniture included.Save this picture!© Koen BroosThe solid wood structure of the house was left naked on the inside, which means that the “standard” addition of a piping cavity and a finishing material is unnecessary, and the wood structure remains visible.Save this picture!Ground FloorSave this picture!1st Floor PlanAll custom furniture (office desk, bench, high sleepers, fire place, kitchen, …) is made out of the same material as the wood structure, creating a full wooden interior. This was supplemented with black and white details. The rough simplicity of the interior perfectly matches the farm life.Save this picture!© Koen BroosNevertheless, the lightness of the rooms enriches its residents and is in stark contrast with that of the old dark farmhouse.Save this picture!© Koen BroosProject gallerySee allShow lessBamboo House / VTN ArchitectsSelected ProjectsTropical House Urveel / Design Work GroupSelected Projects Share CopyHouses•Baarle-Nassau, The Netherlands “COPY” DEAR FARM / VIVA Architecture Photographs:  Koen Broos Manufacturers Brands with products used in this architecture project Projects Contractor: Area:  250 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Save this picture!© Koen Broos+ 17 Share Architects: VIVA Architecture Area Area of this architecture project Photographs CopyAbout this officeVIVA ArchitectureOfficeFollowProductWood#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesBaarle-NassauThe NetherlandsPublished on May 16, 2017Cite: “DEAR FARM / VIVA Architecture” 16 May 2017. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogAluminium CompositesTechnowoodHow to Design a Façade with AluProfile Vertical ProfilesRailing / BalustradesMitrexIntegrated Photovoltaic Railing – BIPV RailingMetal PanelsAurubisCopper Alloy: Nordic RoyalShelvingZeitraumWardrobe – Hide & ParkSignage / Display SystemsGoppionDisplay Case – Qd-ClassConcrete FloorsSikaIndustrial Floor CoatingsStonesCosentinoSurfaces – Silestone® Stone SeriesWindowsOTTOSTUMM | MOGSWindow Systems – FerroFinestra W20Panels / Prefabricated AssembliesULMA Architectural SolutionsMIS Facade PanelUrban ShadingPunto DesignPavilion – TentChairsInterstuhlConference Chair – Low With CastorsWoodreSAWN TIMBER co.Pre-Weathered Wood CladdingMore products »Save世界上最受欢迎的建筑网站现已推出你的母语版本!想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my streamlast_img read more

TRIM / APOLLO Architects & Associates

first_imgCopyAbout this officeAPOLLO Architects & AssociatesOfficeFollowProductsWoodConcrete#TagsProjectsBuilt ProjectsSelected ProjectsResidential ArchitectureHousesOtaJapanPublished on May 30, 2017Cite: “TRIM / APOLLO Architects & Associates” 30 May 2017. ArchDaily. Accessed 11 Jun 2021. ISSN 0719-8884Browse the CatalogAluminium CompositesTechnowoodHow to Design a Façade with AluProfile Vertical ProfilesRailing / BalustradesMitrexIntegrated Photovoltaic Railing – BIPV RailingMetal PanelsAurubisCopper Alloy: Nordic RoyalShelvingZeitraumWardrobe – Hide & ParkSignage / Display SystemsGoppionDisplay Case – Qd-ClassConcrete FloorsSikaIndustrial Floor CoatingsStonesCosentinoSurfaces – Silestone® Stone SeriesWindowsOTTOSTUMM | MOGSWindow Systems – FerroFinestra W20Panels / Prefabricated AssembliesULMA Architectural SolutionsMIS Facade PanelUrban ShadingPunto DesignPavilion – TentChairsInterstuhlConference Chair – Low With CastorsWoodreSAWN TIMBER co.Pre-Weathered Wood CladdingMore products »Save想阅读文章的中文版本吗?建筑可以让你更了解周边的景色——TRIM 住宅 / APOLLO Architects & Associates是否翻译成中文现有为你所在地区特制的网站?想浏览ArchDaily中国吗?Take me there »✖You’ve started following your first account!Did you know?You’ll now receive updates based on what you follow! Personalize your stream and start following your favorite authors, offices and users.Go to my stream 2016 Houses Photographs:  Masao Nishikawa Mechanical Engineer:Naoki MatsumotoDesign Team:SIRIUS LIGHTING OFFICEArchitect In Charge:Satoshi KurosakiCity:OtaCountry:JapanMore SpecsLess SpecsSave this picture!© Masao NishikawaRecommended ProductsWindowspanoramah!®ah!38 – FlexibilityDoorsC.R. LaurenceCRL-U.S. Aluminum Entice Series Entrance SystemWindowsAccoyaAccoya® Windows and DoorsSkylightsLAMILUXFlat Roof Exit Comfort DuoText description provided by the architects. After inheriting the house that his father had built, the client originally considered tearing it down and rebuilding. However, the thirty-some-year-old building had an authentic beauty to it, and its reinforced concrete structure was sound, so he decided to work with the existing framework. The renovation focused on interiors and appliances, while the exterior was left nearly untouched aside from the approach, windows, and doors. Save this picture!© Masao NishikawaIn order to retain the atmosphere and design approach of the previous generation, the client requested design solutions that would meet the needs of a contemporary family’s lifestyle but involve as few changes as possible. In contrast to the distinctive wood interior of the existing structure, the renovation uses an abundance of hard, sharp materials such as marble, border tiles, and glass to create a simple, stylish space whose keynote color is white. In the center of the public space where the family gathers is a large kitchen with   a countertop workspace and eating areacounters. The dining and living rooms are on either side of this kitchen. Ceiling height was maximized by turning an attic space into a void topped by a skylight. These three spaces are loosely partitioned by portal-like frames that utilize existing beams and columns; as one moves between them, views of the interior and exterior change markedlyone encounters different scenes of daily life. The frames also add a distinctive sense of depth to the space, which is further deepened by the light and shadow created by natural light. Save this picture!Plan 1Save this picture!Plan 2Overall, this renovation did not aim to change the space as much as possible, but instead to sharpen the space by re-trimming unchanged scenes. Save this picture!© Masao NishikawaProject gallerySee allShow lessCall for Submissions: Six Sites Another Landscape, Design Workshop on Contemporary L…OpportunitiesSHoP’s First Domino Sugar Residential Building Gets New Renderings as Construction M…Architecture News Share TRIM / APOLLO Architects & Associates “COPY” Year:  Area:  194 m² Year Completion year of this architecture project Architects: APOLLO Architects & Associates Area Area of this architecture project ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/872427/trim-apollo-architects-and-associates Clipboard “COPY” ShareFacebookTwitterPinterestWhatsappMailOrhttps://www.archdaily.com/872427/trim-apollo-architects-and-associates Clipboard CopyHouses•Ota, Japan Japan ArchDaily Projects TRIM / APOLLO Architects & AssociatesSave this projectSaveTRIM / APOLLO Architects & Associates Save this picture!© Masao Nishikawa+ 17 Share Photographslast_img read more

Keep up to date with new jobs on UK Fundraising

first_img  19 total views,  2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Keep up to date with new jobs on UK Fundraising About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. Howard Lake | 16 June 2004 | News Tagged with: Digital Recruitment / peoplecenter_img But we realise not everyone has the time or inclination to come back every day to see if we’ve added a new vacancy.Which is why we offer a free e-mail alert service that will tell you when a new job advert has been posted. You can choose to receive alerts daily or weekly, and there’s also a facility to turn such alerts off temporarily – handy given the approaching summer holidays.If you’d like us to deliver the information to you, simply register to use the free service. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis You don’t have to keep revisiting the site to see if any new jobs have been published: we can send you an e-mail alert whenever a new job advert goes live.UK Fundraising published four new job vacancies yesterday, and took a booking for another one that will go live on Monday.We try to make it easy for visitors to spot new job ads with the ‘latest vacancies’ box in the right-hand side of most pages on the site, including the front page. We also include all current vacancies in each issue of our fortnightly e-mail newsletter, UK Fundraising News. Advertisementlast_img read more

National Summer School for Arts Fundraising announced

first_img The first National Summer School for Arts Fundraising and Leadership will take place in Leeds from 31 August to 5 September 2014.Run by the University of Leeds in partnership with the Arts Fundraising & Philanthropy Programme, the course has been developed for arts managers and fundraisers.The six-day course costs £1,750 + VAT to attend, and it will be held at Weetwood Hall, Leeds. Advertisement  26 total views,  1 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis About Howard Lake Howard Lake is a digital fundraising entrepreneur. Publisher of UK Fundraising, the world’s first web resource for professional fundraisers, since 1994. Trainer and consultant in digital fundraising. Founder of Fundraising Camp and co-founder of GoodJobs.org.uk. Researching massive growth in giving. AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis Photo: painted hands by Sergey Nivens on Shutterstock.comcenter_img National Summer School for Arts Fundraising announced Tagged with: arts Training Howard Lake | 24 April 2014 | Newslast_img read more

Third edition of Charities Acts Handbook published

first_img The third edition of Bates Wells Braithwaite’s guide to charity law, The Charities Acts Handbook – a Practical Guide, is now available from Jordan Publishing.The handbook costs £50.00 and provides practical and up-to-date commentary on all the areas covered by the Charities Acts, including:The latest developments in charity legislation, in particular the implications of the new Charities (Protection and Social Investment) Act 2016The latest from the Charity Tribunal and the Charity CommissionThe law firm’s practical experience of the impact of the Charities Act 2006, ten years onCopies of relevant charity legislation, including the Charities Acts 1992 and 2011, showing how they have been changed by the 2016 ActCommentary on changes in the pipelineDedicated chapters cover a range of topics including public benefit, the powers of the Charity Commission, charity land, the Charity Tribunal, charity fundraising, mergers, charitable incorporated organisations and exempt charities.  127 total views,  1 views today Advertisement Tagged with: Law / policy About Melanie May Melanie May is a journalist and copywriter specialising in writing both for and about the charity and marketing services sectors since 2001. She can be reached via www.thepurplepim.com. Melanie May | 6 December 2016 | News Third edition of Charities Acts Handbook published AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis1  128 total views,  2 views today AddThis Sharing ButtonsShare to TwitterTwitterShare to FacebookFacebookShare to LinkedInLinkedInShare to EmailEmailShare to WhatsAppWhatsAppShare to MessengerMessengerShare to MoreAddThis1last_img read more

Feinberg is convicted but walks free

first_imgSaying ‘Free CeCe’Minneapolis — Transgender activist and author Leslie Feinberg declared in court here on Feb. 4 that she/ze was “not guilty” on a charge of third-degree gross misdemeanor (property damage) for spray-painting “Free CeCe Now” on the walls and pillars of the courthouse/jail in Minneapolis.She/ze did it in solidarity with CeCe McDonald, an African-American transwoman who survived a violent racist, transphobic attack on the streets of South Minneapolis in June 2011, only to be jailed for manslaughter because she and her friends fought back.For having spray-painted the message, which Feinberg did not dispute, the judge found hir “guilty,” and asked if she/ze had anything to say before sentencing.“I am a revolutionary journalist and member of the National Writers Union, UAW Local 1981,” said Feinberg. “I am not guilty of any wrongdoing. I delivered the people’s verdict on the jailhouse walls. The real crimes are going on behind the walls where CeCe McDonald is imprisoned.“By sentencing CeCe McDonald to prison, Minneapolis sent a green light to neo-fascists at a time of growing racist lynching and massacres in the U.S. CeCe was attacked, and survived, at a time when an increasing number of transwomen of color are being assaulted and murdered.“Racist mass incarceration is the crime. Minnesota has the greatest racist disparity in sentencing of any state in the U.S., as even a former Hennepin County prosecutor admitted in an article.“The world is watching CeCe McDonald’s struggle. I’m proud to add my voice to the tens of thousands of people who demand: ‘Free CeCe!’”The judge admitted that Feinberg’s deed was an act of “civil disobedience.”The judge then stayed the imposition of any sentence for two years. During that time, Feinberg is on informal probation, meaning that if she/ze is not convicted of any additional “property damage” for 24 months, the third-degree gross misdemeanor charge will be dismissed.The prosecution did not pursue court expenses or a fine. Feinberg walked out of the courtroom without having to perform community service or report to a probation officer.She/ze was ordered to pay more than $1,300 for the erasure of the political demand from the wall. Feinberg stated after court, “I refuse to pay for the censorship of the political demand, ‘Free CeCe Now!’”Local Free CeCe organizers were present in the courtroom. Many of McDonald’s supporters in the U.S. and around the world sent tweets, e-mails, faxes and made phone calls to help deliver the people’s verdict — ‘Free CeCe!’ — to the Minneapolis mayor and prosecutor.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

Detroit youth march for jobs

first_imgApril 4 protest.WW photo: Kris HamelDemanding jobs and an end to the corporate theft of city services in the municipal bankruptcy case, several dozen people marched through downtown Detroit on April 4, the anniversary of the assassination of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.Called by the youth group Detroit FIST (Fight Imperialism, Stand Together), it was a march for jobs and justice, which attracted activists from various groups as well as college students, young unemployed workers and low-wage workers, as well as a handful of students still in high school.The marchers covered a lot of ground in the downtown area. Starting with a rally at the iconic Spirit of Detroit statue outside city hall, they then headed to the Chase Bank building, the botched Wayne County Jail project and through Greektown, chanting and stopping to rally at each stop.Detroit’s overall unemployment rate for those aged 16 to 64 is 49 percent, and for those under the age of 30 it is closer to 60 percent. The demonstration stressed the dire need of people in the city for employment.Over the last year, the state-appointed so-called “Emergency Manager,” Kevyn Orr, has spent $96 million on a handful of corporate consultants from Wall Street to come into the city and conjure up ideas as to how the city can be revitalized into an economically viable entity. Although that money is only a drop in the bucket of corporate theft from the public, it is enough money to employ 3,000 young people at a salary of $30,000 a year! This served as a rallying cry for those who marched and demonstrated.Youth see that there are homes that need restoration, roads in need of repair and schools that need to be staffed to teach children. Protesters say the money is there, and instead of diverting it into the already deep pockets of Wall Street parasites, use the money to put the people of Detroit to work at good-paying jobs that are desperately needed.FacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thisFacebookTwitterWhatsAppEmailPrintMoreShare thislast_img read more

Saudi Arabia

first_img Saudi ArabiaMiddle East – North Africa NSO Group hasn’t kept its promises on human rights, RSF and other NGOs say Strict filtering and denunciationsAn strictly enforced filtering system targets any content which authorities deem to be pornographic or “morally reprehensible”. Websites which discuss religious or human rights issues or the opposition viewpoints are also blocked. Far from concealing their actions, the authorities openly attest to their censorship practices and claim to have blocked some 400,000 sites. Prohibited websites now include the Arab Network for Human Rights Information (ANHRI), and the sites gulfissues.net, saudiinstitute.org, arabianews.org, Al Jazeera.org and saudiaffairs.net. The latest censorship targets are the pages about Saudi Arabia on the Arabic-language version of Wikileaks and the Elaph website, an online political news magazine. The latter had recently published an article entitled “Gulf after WikiLeaks storm: Riyadh speaks while all are silent.” The article discussed the turmoil in political circles after WikiLeaks published cables revealing that Saudi diplomats had urged the United States to attack Iranian nuclear reactors.Two websites were blocked in early 2011 in reaction to the Tunisian and Egyptian revolutions. Both sites, dawlaty.info and saudireform.com, were calling for political change in the country.Participating websites are subject to particularly harsh censorship. The site newarabia.org, a political discussion forum, is blocked in Saudi Arabia. The blogger.com platform, totally blocked at first, is now the subject of a targeted censorship of its content – proof that authorities are no longer able to prevent blogger input. Censors took aim at the micro-blogging website Twitter for the first time in August 2009, blocking the pages of two human rights activists, Khaled al-Nasser and Walid Abdelkhair. Facebook pages on human rights were also rendered inaccessible.The government-controlled Internet Services Unit has even ventured to explain the principles behind its filtering policy on its website. It provides a form which citizens can use to request that a website be blocked or unblocked. According to Saudi authorities, this procedure has been rather successful. The Telecommunications and Information Technologies Agency claims that the blocking requests target from 700 to 1,000 sites daily, averaging some 300,000 “citizen-denounced” sites per year. A representative of that same agency estimates that 93% of the filtered sites are pornographic in nature. The rest: websites which disseminate information “contrary to kingdom values.” One of the agency’s officials acknowledges, however, that 55% of users are concerned about the blockings and that three-quarters of them feel that the current filtering policy is too harsh.“BlackBerrys” under pressureBlackBerry phones are popular in the Persian Gulf and in Saudi Arabia, where they enable users to circumvent censorship. However, as a result of pressures from authorities threatening to block the BlackBerrys’ instant messaging service, RIM, the BlackBerry manufacturing company, allegedly agreed, in August 2010, to install a server in Saudi Arabia. Supposedly, the aim was not to share the keys to its encryption with Saudi authorities, which would enable them to set up real-time surveillance, but to give them the opportunity of having court-ordered access to certain messages after the fact. In view of the Saudi court system’s independent status, the country’s smartphone users have reasons to be worried.Cybercafés under surveillanceDraconian restrictions were imposed on cybercafés as of April 2009. They are now required to install hidden cameras, provide a list of customers and websites consulted, prohibit the use of prepaid cards or non-authorised Internet satellite links, to close at midnight and to refuse to admit minors.Their owners risk prison terms if their premises are used to disseminate information contrary to “kingdom values” as set out in the 2008 law on the use of technology. This law also provides ten-year prison sentences for Internet website managers who promote terrorism, and five years for those who disseminate pornographic information or violate the country’s religious and social values.Anti-freedom legislation intensifiesNew regulations on Internet publications aimed at strengthening Net censorship and discouraging Internet users from creating a website or blog were announced on 1 January 2011 by the Minister of Culture and Information, Abdul Aziz Khoja. Follow the news on Saudi Arabia April 28, 2021 Find out more Help by sharing this information News RSF_en Receive email alerts March 9, 2021 Find out more Organisation Unrelenting censorship still plagues the Net – the only space in the country where some form of freedom of expression has managed to thrive in the last few years. Some still-mobilised cyberdissidents, who were caught by the authorities exercising their right to voice critical opinions, paid a stiff price. center_img RSF joins Middle East and North Africa coalition to combat digital surveillance June 8, 2021 Find out more News News News March 11, 2011 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Saudi Arabia According to Article 7 of this text, online media, the Internet websites of the so-called “traditional” media, and platforms circulating audio or video material and offering online ads must, in order to operate, obtain an Internet licence, valid for three years, from the Ministry of Culture and Information. In order to get it, the applicant must be at least 20 years of age, be a Saudi national and hold a diploma equivalent to the baccalaureate. He or she also must produce “certificates of good conduct.”The media must also indicate the name of their hosting service, which gives the government the option of forcing the service to eliminate the site or its content. All forms, blogs or personal Internet sites, distribution lists, electronic archives or “chat rooms” will henceforth have to be registered. Bloggers may identify themselves “if they wish to.” The obvious intent is to chip away at their anonymity.The Ministry was supposed to first approve the editor appointed for all electronic newspapers. However, in view of the wave of protests triggered by this provision, the Minister of Information promised, on 6 January, to drop it. All that is required now is for a “simple declaration” of the editor’s identity to be filed with the Ministry.Under Article 17, any violation of these provisions is punishable by fines and a partial or total, temporary or permanent, blocking of the website. Fines may be as high as 100,000 Saudi riyals (20,000 euros), which constitutes an indirect form of economic censorship, given that many sites cannot afford to pay such a sum. The Ministry reserves the right to expand the scope of these measures.Incarcerated cyberdissidentsAny bloggers who dare to discuss sensitive subjects are subject to censor reprisals. Two of them were arrested in 2010.Sheikh Mekhlef bin Dahham al-Shammari, a writer, social reformer and human rights activist known for his outspoken defence of women’s rights and his efforts to reconcile Shiites and Sunnis, has been behind bars since 15 June 2010 and is said to be in poor health. He stands accused, quite fancifully, of “annoying others.” His arrest was linked to his criticisms of political and religious leaders, posted primarily on the new sites saudiyoon.com and rasid.com.Mohammed Abdallah Al-Abdulkarim, a law professor and activist known for his efforts to defend political and civic rights, was arrested on 5 December 2010 in Riyadh. Following King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud’s medically motivated trip to the United States, Mohammed Al-Abdulkarim posted, on 23 November 2010, on the website royaah.net, an article mentioning differences within the royal family – specifically disputes over King Abdullah’s succession and their consequences for Saudi Arabia’s political future. In this post, he mentioned not only the King’s state of health, but also the power struggle between the 86-year-old sovereign’s potential successors. There is still no news of Syrian blogger Raafat Al-Ghanim, a resident of Saudi Arabia who was arrested in July 2009. He openly criticised the Syrian and Saudi social and political situations on both countries’ online forums. Facebook: A tool for mobilisation or socialisation?In November 2010, Facebook was blocked for several hours for having violated Saudi Arabia’s moral values, which raised caused a stir on the Web. Was this an isolated incident or a test paving the way for even harsher censorship? The authorities have little tolerance for online mobilisations, especially since the Tunisian revolution. Not only are Saudi netizens resisting censorship by learning how to circumvent it, but they are also capable of conducting online mobilisation campaigns, notably on Facebook. In 2010, a woman launched a Facebook group to protest against the ban prohibiting women from working in lingerie shops. She succeeded in winning 10,000 supporters.The Net has been providing Saudi women – who now represent more than half of the country’s bloggers and internet users – with an unprecedented space in which to express themselves. There, they can discuss topics which they are forbidden to mention in public, such as health. Saudi Arabia’s tight control over these new technologies also indicates the depth of their resolve to maintain the social order.Online mobilisations are also being launched in support of human rights activists. News about Mohammed Abdallah Al-Abdulkarim’s arrest was initially circulated on his Facebook page before being reposted on a large number of Internet websites. Numerous Saudi human rights organisations publicly denounced it. Several Facebook pages, including “We are all Mohammed Abdulkarim” and “Free Dr. Abdulkarim”, as well as a hashtag (#FreeDrAbdulkarim) on Twitter, were created to demand his immediate release. His case aroused heated discussions between netizens siding with him and those who sided with the regime. A memorable debate broke out on Twitter between Abdulrahman Alenad, a member of the Consultative Assembly of Saudi Arabia (Shura) and Dr. Abdulkarim’s lawyer, Waleed Abulkhair, when the former ordered the latter to keep quiet. Saudi media silent on RSF complaint against MBS to go further Saudi ArabiaMiddle East – North Africa last_img read more