Help by sharing this information June 4, 2021 Find out more News RSF denounces Total’s retaliation against Le Monde for Myanmar story News to go further Organisation Reporters Without Borders has protested after two German freelance journalists covering an anti-racist demonstration No Border in Strasbourg became victims of French “police brutality”.Carsten Bügener was kicked and tear-gassed while Kathrin Plümer had her film forcibly confiscated during the 24 July demonstration.”We demand the immediate opening of an inquiry and exemplary sanctions against those responsible for this unacceptable violence”, said Reporters Without Borders General Secretary Robert Ménard, in a letter to interior minister Nicolas Sarkozy on 2 August.”The facts are serious: without even asking the journalists to stop filming and while they were showing their press cards, police seized the camera, repeatedly kicked one of the journalists and ripped the film from the camera. Strasbourg Police had since lost the film, he said, adding, “Such practices, only too familiar under other regimes, are unworthy of the French police and should be severely punished”.Reporters Without Borders recalls that five journalists have already complained of questionable behaviour by French police towards the press over the past year. June 2, 2021 Find out more Receive email alerts Follow the news on France RSF_en “We’ll hold Ilham Aliyev personally responsible if anything happens to this blogger in France” RSF says News FranceEurope – Central Asia Use the Digital Services Act to make democracy prevail over platform interests, RSF tells EU FranceEurope – Central Asia August 2, 2002 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Protest over “police brutality” against German journalists May 10, 2021 Find out more News
Sign up for our COVID-19 newsletter to stay up-to-date on the latest coronavirus news throughout New York For today’s entry in the “One of these two young basketball players will do something amazing” category, we submit to you this, a video wherein one of these two young basketball players will do something amazing.DISCLAIMER: You know how, like, a newspaper is supposed to like, fact check things, and like, make sure things really happened? Yeah, we didn’t do that here. We’re assuming it’s real.Stay tuned to the little spot on the homepage of www.LongIslandPress.com above the usually-depressing “real” news for the daily dose of stuff that we come across and share with you, occasionally without fact checking it, that you’ll abso-freaking-lutely (usually) love.For now, let’s play a game of:Guess which one of these kids is about to do something amazing.Then, watch the video and compare the result to your original thought. After that:a) feel smugorb) feel stupidEither way, it’s a quick, fun watch, and we all need those, don’t we?(The answer is yes.)(Why are you still reading this? Click play already!)
House Speaker J. Alex Tyler Sr. has again been allegedly trapped in a corruption web; and once more, his position as Speaker of the House is in trouble, so much so that Maryland County District # 2 Representative, Dr. Bhofal Chambers, a strong supporter of the re-election and non-removal of Speaker Tyler, is calling for an investigation.Rep. Chambers, the Chairman of the Committee of National Defense, said in his letter read on Tuesday, May 17 during the 30th Day Sitting of the 5th Session of the House of Representatives, that the ongoing corruption saga emanating from the Global Witness Report, which implicated prominent public officials, including some members of the Legislature, has the propensity to bring the government to public ridicule, demean its image and thereby erode public trust and confidence. Dr. Chambers urged his colleagues to institute and support the necessary safeguards that will ensure an independent investigation of the matter so as to protect the sanctity of the House of Representatives.The House Defense Chairman insisted that it is incumbent upon them at all times to maintain and protect the public trust, calling for the establishment of an independent investigation.Dr. Chambers, in his argument on Thursday, also told his colleagues that it would be sensible for the Speaker to recuse himself.According to the Global Witness Report, The Deceivers, in which several former and current public officials were named, Speaker Tyler allegedly received US$75,000 in an effort to secure the Wologizi iron ore concession in northern Liberia for Sable Mining, a company based in the United Kingdom. Two years ago, the Liberia Anti-Corruption Commission (LACC) invited the Speaker over a US$25,000 payment for ‘consultancy’ involving the late Michael Allison.The Daily Observer has gathered that on Thursday, May 19, due to a ‘secret meeting’ in the office of the Speaker, there was no ‘quorum’ in the House Chambers for Session, despite the distribution of the Session’s agenda after the restoration of electricity.A lawmaker, who requested anonymity, told the Daily Observer that high on the day’s agenda “was the essence and effect of the setting up of an independent committee and for the Speaker to recuse himself.”The Daily Observer also gathered that there would be resistance from some members of the House of Representatives to allow Speaker Tyler to continue to preside over the House.According a report, about 33 lawmakers have resolved to vote in favor of establishing an independent investigation and also to demand the Speaker recuse himself as Presiding Officer of the House of Representatives, until the end of the investigation by the special Presidential task force headed by Cllr. Fonati Koffa. Today – the 32nd Day Sitting of the 5th Session of the House of Representatives – the House is expected to finalize signatures for an independent investigation to be founded and the Speaker to be recused.Share this:Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)
OAKLAND — Mike Fiers was handed the role of ace of the A’s rotation when he pitched the season-opener against the Seattle Mariners, and he continues to establish himself in that position.Fiers (10-3) won his eighth decision in a row Saturday night as the A’s beat the St. Louis Cardinals 8-3 before 24,851 at the Coliseum. The A’s remain a half-game behind Tampa Bay in the race for the second American League wild-card spot.Mark Canha’s two-run single in the first and Chad Pinder’s pinch-hit …
No speculations here: Thurston Lacalli, in Nature (Nov 25), in an article on the evolution of the eye, commenting on a presumed ancestral marine worm that had two kinds of photoreceptors:Speculations aside, the new work provides a solid starting point for further study of the evolution of photoreceptor organs during the diversification of bilateral multicelled animals. In evolutionary terms, it is a long way from a simple ocellus [see 08/13/2004 headline], involving no more than a few cells, to the complexity of an optimally constructed image-forming eye. Evolution seems to have accomplished this transition piecemeal, by myriad small steps, each an adaptive improvement over what went before. A detailed accounting of the steps is as yet beyond us, but clarifying the nature of the ancestral condition is a useful beginning.The persistence of myth: Paul Mellars, in Nature (25 Nov) in an article on Neanderthal man (see also 10/01/2004 and 09/21/2004 headlines):That the Neanderthals were replaced by populations that had evolved biologically, and no doubt behaviourally, in the very different environments of southern Africa makes the rapid demise of the Neanderthals even more remarkable, and forces us to ask what other cultural or cognitive developments may have made this replacement possible…. Perhaps it was the emergence of more complex language [see 02/27/2004 headline] and other forms of symbolic communication that gave the crucial adaptive advantage to fully modern populations and led to their subsequent dispersal across Asia and Europe and the demise of the European Neanderthals. The precise mechanisms and timing of this dramatic population dispersal from southern Africa to the rest of the world remains to be investigated.No data? No problem: R. Van Boekel et al., in Nature (25 Nov), in the abstract to a paper on interplanetary dust:Our Solar System was formed from a cloud of gas and dust…. Little is known about the evolution of the dust that forms Earth-like planets. (Note: All they suggested was that observations from dust disks around other stars shows an apparent zone of crystallization in the inner regions: “Our observations thus imply that crystallization of almost the entire inner disk and a substantial part of the outer disk must have occurred very early in the evolution of the disk.” How the crystals afterward survived the melting of terrestrial planets during their formation and bombardment was not explained.)Giving evolution a kickstart: Robert Service, in Science (26 Nov), commenting on recent experiments on artificial selection of proteins:Evolution isn’t known for its quick work. In recent years, researchers have come up with numerous ways to give it a kick in order to evolve [sic; this is intelligent design] proteins with new functions. But most of these techniques are painfully slow, taking as long as a month to go through a single round of evolution. The immune cells of vertebrates long ago perfected a faster approach, which they use to generate the myriad antibody proteins that fight off infections. Now a team of California researchers has coaxed immune cells to apply their skill to other proteins, an ability that could speed the development of novel proteins for studies from catalysis to cell biology.Comfort is the mother of evolution: Erik Stokstad, in a story on horse evolution in Science (26 Nov):High-crowned teeth took a while to evolve to resist gritty food. Later, During the Miocene, horses and camels were evolving longer limbs, but apparently not to escape accelerating predators–which evolved longer limbs some 20 million years later. Instead, [Christine] Janis (Brown U.) proposed, the limbs first evolved to be more efficient at walking…. High-crowned teeth might not be the only way to make life on the grasslands less of a grind. Contributions for the weekly prize sometimes come in as numerous as contestants at the Boston Marathon. You can send in your contributions or vote on the following:Evolution as sculptor: Sid Perkins, in Science News, submitted three entries in an article on penguin evolution:Early in penguin evolution, the bones, especially in the wings and hind limbs, became thick and dense. This change would have improved the ease with which the birds could dive to chase underwater prey. In contrast, the bones of flight-capable birds are highly buoyant because evolution has fine-tuned them to be thin, light, and, in some cases, filled with air.Besides acquiring dense bones, penguin ancestors evolved narrow wings with inflexible elbows that worked as streamlined hydrofoils….Evolution Marches On… So, even though penguins have been immensely successful, the forces of evolution continue to sculpt their genome. (Visited 10 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0 Decisions, decisions. It’s like having 800 cable channels and nothing worth watching except the old comedies.
Le Chef national de l’Assemblée des Premières Nations (APN), Perry Bellegarde, a dévoilé mercredi une liste des priorités sur lesquelles il souhaiterait que le prochain parti au pouvoir se penche après sa victoire aux élections du 19 octobre.Le Chef Bellegarde a affirmé que le prochain gouvernement fédéral devait « éliminer l’écart » entre les Premières Nations et le reste du Canada.« Les priorités des Premières Nations sont celles du Canada », a déclaré M. Bellegarde, lors d’une conférence de presse à Ottawa.Le Chef national a admis qu’il n’avait pas voté lors des précédentes élections fédérales et qu’il n’était pas certain de le faire au cours de la prochaine. M. Bellegarde a expliqué que les Aînés lui avaient déconseillé de voter aux élections fédérales étant donné qu’à titre de peuples visés par des traités, les Premières Nations ont une relation directe avec la Couronne, peu importe le parti détenant les rênes du pouvoir.Cependant, M. Bellegarde a souligné que les peuples des Premières Nations devraient voter pour influencer les résultats des élections et forcer le prochain gouvernement fédéral à agir pour régler les problèmes de longue date auxquels sont confrontées les Premières Nations.Le Chef Bellegarde a fait connaître six thèmes prioritaires de l’APN, notamment le renforcement des familles et des collectivités des Premières Nations, l’obtention d’un financement équitable, la défense de leurs droits, l’environnement, la protection des langues autochtones et la mise en application des recommandations de la Commission de vérité et de réconciliation.« Quand cet écart sera comblé, le Canada en ressortira gagnant », a réitéré M. Bellegarde.M. Bellegarde a poursuivi en disant que l’APN aimerait que le prochain gouvernement fédéral s’engage dans les 100 premiers jours de sa prise de pouvoir à mettre en place un processus visant à améliorer l’éducation dans les réserves en augmentant le financement et en accordant aux collectivités le contrôle de leurs écoles.Le prochain gouvernement fédéral devrait également instaurer une enquête nationale sur le nombre élevé de femmes et de jeunes filles autochtones disparues et assassinées dans ce même délai.L’APN souhaite également que le prochain gouvernement fédéral supprime le plafonnement à 2 % du financement des Premières Nations imposé par les libéraux fédéraux dans les années 1990. M. Bellegarde a déclaré que ce plafonnement devrait être remplacé par une « nouvelle relation fiscale ». Cette dernière devrait inclure de nouvelles ententes de transfertfiscales, la création d’un processus multipartite pour créer une structure de partage des revenus tirés des ressources et un financement rétabli pour les organisations politiques des Premières Nations, selon l’APN.M. Bellegarde a fait savoir que l’APN souhaite que la Loi antiterroriste, le projet de loi C-51, soit abrogée avec les changements portant sur les règlements environnementaux contenus dans les projets de loi C-38 et C-45 du gouvernement Harper, qui ont provoqué le mouvement Idle No More.M. Bellegarde a affirmé que l’APN veut aider à créer un comité mixte composé de l’APN et du cabinet pour gérer et surveiller les relations entre la Couronne et les Premières Nations.L’APN désire également un financement accru pour préserver et promouvoir les langues autochtones et faire en sorte qu’elles deviennent une priorité.M. Bellegarde a mentionné qu’il n’avait pas de chiffres en tête, mais a soutenu qu’il faudrait des milliards de dollars pour faire en sorte que les collectivités des Premières Nations soient mises sur le même plan que celles du reste du Canada pour ce qui est des nécessités de base comme le logement et l’accès à l’eau potable.La situation dans laquelle se trouvent bon nombre des collectivités et des peuples des Premières Nations est dramatique. Les citoyens des Premières Nations ont une espérance de vie de cinq à sept ans de moins que celle de la moyenne canadienne. Le taux de mortalité infantile est 1,5 fois plus élevé que celui de la moyenne nationale et la moitié des enfants des Premières Nations vivent dans la pauvreté. Il y a actuellement 40 000 enfants autochtones confiés à l’État et le taux de suicide des jeunes est de cinq à sept fois plus élevé que celui de la moyenne nationale.M. Bellegarde a fait savoir que le chef du NPD, Thomas Mulcair, l’a appelé ce matin avant l’annonce et que le NPD s’est déjà engagé à ouvrir une enquête nationale sur les femmes et les jeunes filles autochtones assassinées et disparues.Le chef libéral, Justin Trudeau, a écrit sur Twitter qu’il soutenait la demande du Chef Bellegarde de « combler le fossé ». M. Trudeau s’est engagé à investir 2,6 milliards de dollars d’argent neuf sur quatre ans pour financer l’éducation de base.Le Parti conservateur a publié une déclaration stipulant qu’il croit « qu’une participation accrue des Autochtones dans l’économie est le moyen le plus efficace d’améliorer le bien-être et la qualité de vie des peuples autochtones au Canada ».Selon les conservateurs, leur gouvernement a augmenté le financement de l’éducation de 25 %, construit 41 écoles et investi de l’argent dans 500 projets scolaires en plus d’avoir collaboré à la rénovation de 22 000 résidences existantes. Ils expliquent également qu’ils ontadopté la Loi sur la transparence financière des Premières Nations, qui est contestée par 200 Premières Nations.Dans cette déclaration, il est écrit que « le NDP et les libéraux favorisent des dépenses irresponsables plutôt qu’une responsabilité concrète et financière ».Le gouvernement Harper a déjà rejeté les demandes pour une enquête publique et la mise en application des recommandations de la Commission de vérité et de réconciliation. Le gouvernement Harper a également refusé d’accroître le financement pour l’éducation des Premières Nations parce que les Chefs ont rejeté la proposition de la Loi sur le contrôle par les Premières Nations de leurs systèmes d’éducation.
Recently, while on my way to the University of Pittsburgh’s campus, I made a quick “Pittsburgh left” – taking a left turn just as the light turns green – while facing a driverless car. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Instead of jolting forward or honking – as some human drivers would be tempted to do – the car allowed me to go. In this case, the interaction was pleasant. (How polite of the car to let me cut it off!) But as a sociolinguist who studies human-computer interaction, I started thinking about how self-driving cars will communicate with the human drivers they encounter on the road. Driving can involve a range of social signals and unspoken rules, some of which vary by country – even by region or city. How will driverless cars be able to navigate this complexity? Can they ever be programmed to do so?What driverless cars can doHere in Pittsburgh, Uber has tested self-driving cars with a backup driver behind the wheel; in Phoenix, Waymo’s cars operate in a limited part of the city without any backup driver at all. We know the driverless cars are equipped with a technology called LIDAR, which creates a 360-degree image of the car’s surroundings. Image sensors can interpret signs, lights and lane markings. A separate radar detects objects, while a computer incorporates all of this information along with mapping data to guide the car. Although ideally autonomous vehicles will be able to “talk” to one another in order to allow smoother navigation and reduce crashes, this technology is still in the early stages. Provided by The Conversation Citation: Driverless cars might follow the rules of the road, but what about the language of driving? (2018, January 8) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-01-driverless-cars-road-language.html Google testing appropriate honking with self-driving cars In cities and countries around the world, drivers use a range of hand signals to communicate with other drivers. Credit: Lightspring/Shutterstock.com But any autonomous vehicle will also need to be able to interact with traditional cars and their drivers, as well as pedestrians, bikes and unforeseen events like lane closures, disabled stop lights, emergency vehicles and accidents. The complex language of drivingThis is where things can get murky.For example, if you’re driving and pass a speed trap, you might flash your headlights at drivers coming in the other direction to let them know. But flashing headlights can also mean “your high beams are too bright,” “you forgot to put your headlights on” or “go ahead” in situations where it’s unclear who has the right of way. In order to interpret the meaning, a person will consider the context: the time of day, the type of road, the weather. But how would an autonomous vehicle react? There are other forms of communication to help us navigate, ranging from honks and sirens, to hand signals and even bumper stickers. Of course, humans use all sorts of hand gestures – waving a car in front of them, indicating that another driver needs to slow, and even giving the finger when angry. Sounds can communicate love, anger, arrivals, departures, warnings and more. Drivers can express total disapproval with a hard, extended hit of the horn. Of course, emergency sirens encourage drivers to make way. But specific meaning can vary by region or country. For example, a few years ago, Public Radio International ran a story about the language of honking in Cairo, Egypt, which is “spoken” primarily by men. These honks can have complex constructions; for example, four short honks followed by a long one mean “open your eyes” to warn someone who is not paying attention. In Pittsburgh, people tend to honk before going through a short, narrow or curvy tunnel. In Morocco, where I’m originally from, drivers perform varied honks when passing; they’ll honk once before passing to secure cooperation, again as they pass (to signal progress), and lastly after they pass to say, “thank you.” Yet this might be confusing – or even perceived as rude – to drivers in the U.S. Written communication also plays a role between cars and drivers. For example, signs such as “Baby on Board” or “Students on Board” are supposed to encourage the drivers following these vehicles to be even more careful. Bumper stickers like “Caution: Wide Right Turn” or “This Vehicle Makes Frequent Stops” can be critical to safety. What if there’s a communication breakdown?Vehicles can be taught to “read” road signs, and thus presumably can be taught to recognize common warnings on bumpers. Yet navigating construction sites or accident scenes may require following directions from a human in a way that cannot be programmed. This creates a huge opportunity for error. Because hand signals vary widely from region to region (and even person to person), autonomous cars could fail to recognize a signal to go or, more catastrophically, could mistakenly follow a hand gesture into a barrier or another car. This gives me pause: How much knowledge about our societal and linguistic values are built into the system? How can driverless cars learn to interpret hand and auditory signals? Google cars can apparently recognize hand signals on bikers, but what if the biker doesn’t use standard signals? Who gets to embed the algorithm in the machine, and how are sociolinguistic values assigned? In my experience, the self-driving car was very polite and didn’t honk or otherwise chastise me for my behavior (though the human passenger did communicate his displeasure with a gaze). But had I waved it in front of me, would it have been able to respond appropriately? A 2015 story in Robotics Trends described how a bike and a Google car got stuck in a standoff when the car misread signals from the biker. Cities (and countries) possess a variety of sociolinguistic cues. It remains to be seen if the engineers working on driverless cars will be able to program these subtle – but important – differences into these vehicles as more and more appear on the roads. Explore further This article was originally published on The Conversation. Read the original article.